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A143944 Triangle read by rows: T(n,k) is the number of unordered pairs of vertices at distance k from each other in the grid P_n X P_n (1 <= k <= 2n-2), where P_n is the path graph on n vertices. 1
4, 2, 12, 14, 8, 2, 24, 34, 32, 20, 8, 2, 40, 62, 68, 60, 40, 20, 8, 2, 60, 98, 116, 116, 100, 70, 40, 20, 8, 2, 84, 142, 176, 188, 180, 154, 112, 70, 40, 20, 8, 2, 112, 194, 248, 276, 280, 262, 224, 168, 112, 70, 40, 20, 8, 2, 144, 254, 332, 380, 400, 394, 364, 312, 240 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

2,1

COMMENTS

Row n contains 2n-2 entries.

Sum of entries in row n = n^2*(n^2 - 1)/2 = A083374(n).

The entries in row n are the coefficients of the Wiener (Hosoya) polynomial of the grid P_n X P_n.

Sum_{k=1..2n-2} k*T(n,k) = n^3*(n^2 - 1)/3 = A143945(n) = the Wiener index of the grid P_n X P_n.

The average of all distances in the grid P_n X P_n is 2n/3.

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=2..66.

D. Stevanovic, Hosoya polynomial of composite graphs, Discrete Math., 235 (2001), 237-244.

B.-Y. Yang and Y.-N. Yeh, Wiener polynomials of some chemically interesting graphs, International Journal of Quantum Chemistry, 99 (2004), 80-91.

Y.-N. Yeh and I. Gutman, On the sum of all distances in composite graphs, Discrete Math., 135 (1994), 359-365.

FORMULA

Generating polynomial of row n is (2q(1-q^n) - n(1-q^2))^2/(2(1-q)^4) - n^2/2.

EXAMPLE

T(2,2)=2 because P_2 X P_2 is a square and there are 2 pairs of vertices at distance 2.

Triangle starts:

4, 2;

12, 14, 8, 2;

24, 34, 32, 20, 8, 2;

40, 62, 68, 60, 40, 20, 8, 2;

MAPLE

for n from 2 to 10 do Q[n]:=sort(expand(simplify((1/2)*(2*q*(1-q^n)-n*(1-q^2))^2/(1-q)^4-(1/2)*n^2))) end do: for n from 2 to 9 do seq(coeff(Q[n], q, j), j= 1..2*n-2) end do;

CROSSREFS

Cf. A083374, A143945.

Sequence in context: A111667 A323825 A019239 * A154345 A058095 A105196

Adjacent sequences: A143941 A143942 A143943 * A143945 A143946 A143947

KEYWORD

nonn,tabf

AUTHOR

Emeric Deutsch, Sep 19 2008

STATUS

approved

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Last modified January 28 10:39 EST 2023. Contains 359859 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)