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A141064 List of different primes in Pascal-like triangles with index of asymmetry y = 1 and index of obliquity z = 0 or z = 1. 8
2, 5, 7, 11, 23, 29, 89, 137, 311, 367, 1021, 3217, 5441, 2377, 12619, 65761, 5741, 144593, 13859, 78511, 1462397, 33461, 469957, 2552939, 11096497, 5930669, 6343133, 26512597, 470831, 127626137, 372222703, 15955507, 538270693, 531077333, 11401285549, 38613943, 15433507333, 92554537183, 113828092793 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,1

COMMENTS

For the Pascal-like triangle G(n, k) with index of asymmetry y = 1  and index of obliqueness z = 0, which is read by rows, we have G(n, 0) = G(n+1, n+1) = 1, G(n+2, n+1) = 2, G(n+3, k) = G(n+1, k-1) + G(n+1, k) + G(n+2, k) for n >= 0 and k = 1..(n+1).

For the Pascal-like triangle G(n, k) with index of asymmetry y = 1 and index of obliqueness z = 1, which is read by rows, we have G(n, n) = G(n+1, 0) = 1, G(n+2, 1) = 2, G(n+3, k) = G(n+1, k-1) + G(n+1, k-2) + G(n+2, k-1) for n >= 0 and k = 2..(n+2).

In each row of A140998, the primes not appearing in earlier rows are collected, sorted, and added to the sequence. [R. J. Mathar, Apr 28 2010]

From Petros Hadjicostas, Jun 10 2019: (Start)

For the triangle with index of asymmetry y = 1 and index of obliqueness z = 0, read by rows, we have G(n, k) = A140998(n, k) for 0 <= k <= n.

For the triangle with index of asymmetry y = 1 and index of obliqueness z = 1, read by rows, we have  G(n, k) = A140993(n+1, k+1) for 0 <= k <= n.

Thus, except for the (unfortunate) shifting of the indices by 1, triangular arrays A140998 and A140993 are mirror images of each other.

Hence, instead of working with A140998, we may work with A140993: in each row of A140993, the primes not appearing in earlier rows may be collected, sorted, and added to the sequence (paraphrasing R. J. Mathar above!).

(End)

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=1..39.

Juri-Stepan Gerasimov, Stepan's triangles and Pascal's triangle are connected by the recurrence relation ...

EXAMPLE

Pascal-like triangle with y = 1 and z = 0 (i.e, A140998) begins as follows:

  1, so no prime.

  1 1, so no primes.

  1 2 1, so a(1) = 2.

  1 4 2 1, so no new primes.

  1 7 5 2 1, so a(2) = 5 and a(3) = 7.

  1 12 11 5 2 1, so a(4) = 11.

  1 20 23 12 5 2 1, so a(5) = 23.

  1 33 46 28 12 5 2 1, so no new primes.

  1 54 89 63 29 12 5 2 1, so a(6) = 29 and a(7) = 89.

  1 88 168 137 69 29 12 5 2 1, so a(8) = 137.

  1 143 311 289 161 70 29 12 5 2 1, so a(9) = 311.

  1 232 567 594 367 168 70 29 12 5 2 1, so a(10) = 367.

...

[edited by Petros Hadjicostas, Jun 11 2019]

MAPLE

# This is a modification R. J. Mathar's program from A141031 (for the case y = 4 and z = 0).

# Construct array A140998 (y = 1 and z = 0):

A140998 := proc(n, k) option remember; if k < 0 or n < k then 0; elif k = 0 or k = n then 1; elif k = n - 1 then 2; else procname(n - 1, k) + procname(n - 2, k) + procname(n - 2, k - 1); end if; end proc;

# Construct the current sequence:

A141064 := proc(nmax) local a, b, n, k, new; a := []; for n from 0 to nmax do b := []; for k from 0 to n do new := A140998(n, k); if not (new = 1 or not isprime(new) or new in a or new in b) then b := [op(b), new]; end if; end do; a := [op(a), op(sort(b))]; end do; RETURN(a); end proc;

# Generate terms of the current sequence:

A141064(38);

# If one wants to get the primes sorted, then replace RETURN(a) in the Maple code above with RETURN(sort(a)). In such a case, however, the output sequence is not uniquely defined because it depends on the maximum n. - Petros Hadjicostas, Jun 15 2019

CROSSREFS

Cf. A140993, A140994, A140995, A140996, A140997, A140998, A141021, A141022, A141031, A141066, A141067.

Sequence in context: A318207 A038955 A172981 * A131102 A235468 A229209

Adjacent sequences:  A141061 A141062 A141063 * A141065 A141066 A141067

KEYWORD

nonn

AUTHOR

Juri-Stepan Gerasimov, Jul 14 2008

EXTENSIONS

Partially edited by N. J. A. Sloane, Jul 18 2008

More terms from R. J. Mathar, Apr 28 2010

More terms from Petros Hadjicostas, Jun 11 2019

STATUS

approved

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Last modified July 23 15:58 EDT 2019. Contains 325258 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)