login
This site is supported by donations to The OEIS Foundation.

 

Logo


Hints
(Greetings from The On-Line Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences!)
A139827 Primes of the form 2x^2 + 2xy + 17y^2. 253
2, 17, 29, 41, 101, 149, 173, 197, 233, 281, 293, 461, 557, 569, 593, 677, 701, 761, 809, 821, 857, 941, 953, 1097, 1217, 1229, 1289, 1361, 1481, 1493, 1553, 1601, 1613, 1733, 1877, 1889, 1913, 1949, 1997, 2081, 2129, 2141, 2153, 2213, 2273, 2309, 2393, 2417 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,1

COMMENTS

Discriminant = -132.

Consider the quadratic form f(x,y) = ax^2 + bxy + cy^2. When the discriminant d=b^2-4ac is -4 times an idoneal number (A000926), there is exactly one class for each genus. As a result, the primes generated by f(x,y) are the same as the primes congruent to S (mod -d), where S is a set of numbers less than -d. The table on page 60 of Cox shows that there are exactly 331 quadratic forms having this property. The 217 sequences starting with this one complete the collection in the OEIS.

When a=1 and b=0, f(x,y) is a quadratic form whose congruences are discussed in A139642. Let N be an idoneal number. Then there are 2^r reduced quadratic forms whose discriminant is -4N, where r=1,2,3, or 4. By collecting the residuals p (mod 4N) for primes p generated by the i-th reduced quadratic form, we can empirically find a set Si. To show that the 2^r sets Si are complete, we only need to show that the union of the Si is equal to the set of numbers k such that the Jacobi symbol (-k/4N)=1.

REFERENCES

David A. Cox, Primes of the Form x^2 + n y^2, Wiley, 1989.

LINKS

T. D. Noe and Ray Chandler, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..10000 [First 1000 terms from T. D. Noe]

N. J. A. Sloane et al., Binary Quadratic Forms and OEIS (Index to related sequences, programs, references)

FORMULA

The primes are congruent to {2, 17, 29, 41, 65, 101} (mod 132).

MATHEMATICA

QuadPrimes2[2, -2, 17, 2500] (* see A106856 *)

t = Table[{2, 17, 29, 41, 65, 101} + 132*n, {n, 0, 50}]; Select[Flatten[t], PrimeQ] (* T. D. Noe, Jun 21 2012 *)

PROG

(MAGMA) [ p: p in PrimesUpTo(2500) | p mod 132 in {2, 17, 29, 41, 65, 101}]; // Vincenzo Librandi, Jul 29 2012

(PARI) v=[2, 17, 29, 41, 65, 101]; select(p->setsearch(v, p%132), primes(100)) \\ Charles R Greathouse IV, Jan 08 2013

CROSSREFS

Cf. A139643, A139841-A139843 (d=-408), A139644, A139844-A139850 (d=-420), A139645, A139851-A139853 (d=-448), A139502, A139854-A139860 (d=-480), A139646, A139861-A139863 (d=-520), A139647, A139864-A139866 (d=-532), A139648, A139867-A139873 (d=-660), A139506, A139874-A139880 (d=-672), A139649, A139881-A139883 (d=-708), A139650, A139884-A139886 (d=-760), A139651, A139887-A139893 (d=-840), A139652, A139894-A139896 (d=-928), A139502, A139855, A139857, A139858, A139897-A139899, A139902 (d=-960).

Cf. also  A139653, A139904-A139906 (d=-1012), A139654, A139907-A139913 (d=-1092), A139655, A139914-A139920 (d=-1120), A139656, A139921-A139927 (d=-1248), A139657, A139928-A139934 (d=-1320), A139658, A139935-A139941 (d=-1380), A139659, A139942-A139948 (d=-1428), A139660, A139949-A139955 (d=-1540), A139661, A139956-A139962 (d=-1632), A139662, A139963-A139969 (d=-1848), A139663, A139970-A139976 (d=-2080), A139664, A139977-A139983 (d=-3040), A139665, A139984-A139998 (d=-3360), A139666, A139999-A140013 (d=-5280), A139667, A140014-A140028 (d=-5460), A139668, A140029-A140043 (d=-7392).

For a more complete list of sequences giving numbers and/or primes represented by binary quadratic forms, see the "Binary Quadratic Forms and OEIS" link.

Sequence in context: A171605 A018759 A132146 * A197186 A063118 A267540

Adjacent sequences:  A139824 A139825 A139826 * A139828 A139829 A139830

KEYWORD

nonn,easy

AUTHOR

T. D. Noe, May 02 2008, May 07 2008

STATUS

approved

Lookup | Welcome | Wiki | Register | Music | Plot 2 | Demos | Index | Browse | More | WebCam
Contribute new seq. or comment | Format | Style Sheet | Transforms | Superseeker | Recent
The OEIS Community | Maintained by The OEIS Foundation Inc.

License Agreements, Terms of Use, Privacy Policy. .

Last modified October 15 13:06 EDT 2019. Contains 328030 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)