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A138811 Theta series of quadratic form x^2 + x*y + 11*y^2. 8
1, 2, 0, 0, 2, 0, 0, 0, 0, 2, 0, 4, 0, 4, 0, 0, 2, 4, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 4, 0, 2, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 4, 0, 0, 0, 0, 2, 0, 0, 0, 0, 4, 0, 2, 4, 0, 0, 4, 0, 2, 0, 0, 4, 4, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 4, 0, 0, 0, 0, 2, 0, 0, 4, 4, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 4, 0, 2, 0, 4, 0, 0, 0 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,2

COMMENTS

Ramanujan theta functions: f(q) (see A121373), phi(q) (A000122), psi(q) (A010054), chi(q) (A000700).

LINKS

G. C. Greubel, Table of n, a(n) for n = 0..10000

M. Somos, Introduction to Ramanujan theta functions

Eric Weisstein's World of Mathematics, Ramanujan Theta Functions

FORMULA

Expansion of theta_3(q) * theta_3(q^43) + theta_2(q) * theta_2(q^43) in powers of q.

Expansion of phi(q) * phi(q^43) + 4 * q^11 * psi(q^2) * psi(q^86) in powers of q where phi(), psi() are Ramanujan theta functions.

Moebius transform is period 43 sequence [2, -2, -2, 2, -2, 2, -2, -2, 2, 2, 2, -2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, -2, -2, -2, 2, -2, 2, 2, 2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, 2, -2, -2, -2, 2, 2, -2, 2, -2, 2, 2, -2, 0, ...].

a(n) = 2*b(n) where b() is multiplicative with b(43^e) = 1, b(p^e) = e + 1 if Kronecker(-43, p) = 1, b(p^e) = (1 + (-1)^e) / 2 otherwise.

G.f. is a period 1 Fourier series which satisfies f(-1 / (43 t)) = 43^(1/2) (t/i) f(t) where q = exp(2 Pi i t).

a(4*n + 2) = a(9*n + 3) = a(9*n + 6) = 0. a(4*n) = a(9*n) = a(n).

G.f.: Sum_{i,j in Z} x^(i*i + i*j + 11*j*j).

a(n) = 2 * A035147(n) unless n = 0.

EXAMPLE

G.f. = 1 + 2*q + 2*q^4 + 2*q^9 + 4*q^11 + 4*q^13 + 2*q^16 + 4*q^17 + 4*q^23 + ...

MATHEMATICA

a[ n_] := If[ n < 1, Boole[n == 0], 2 DivisorSum[ n, KroneckerSymbol[ -43, #] &]]; (* Michael Somos, Sep 07 2015 *)

a[ n_] := SeriesCoefficient[ EllipticTheta[ 3, 0, q] EllipticTheta[ 3, 0, q^43] + EllipticTheta[ 2, 0, q] EllipticTheta[ 2, 0, q^43], {q, 0, n}]; (* Michael Somos, Sep 07 2015 *)

Join[{1}, a[n_]:=If[n<0, 0, DivisorSum[n, KroneckerSymbol[-43, #]&]];

2 Table[a[n], {n, 1, 100}]] (* Vincenzo Librandi, Sep 07 2018 *)

PROG

(PARI) {a(n) = if( n<1, n==0, sumdiv(n, d, kronecker(-43, d))*2)};

(PARI) {a(n) = if( n<0, 0, polcoeff( 1 + 2 * x * Ser(qfrep([2, 1; 1, 22], n, 1)), n))};

(MAGMA) A := Basis( ModularForms( Gamma1(43), 1), 87); A[1] + 2*A[2] + 2*A[5] + 2*A[10] + 4*A[12] + 4*A[14] + 2*A[17] + 4*A[18]; /* Michael Somos, Sep 07 2015 */

CROSSREFS

Cf. A035147.

Number of integer solutions to f(x,y) = n where f(x,y) is the principal binary quadratic form with discriminant d: A004016 (d=-3), A004018 (d=-4), A002652 (d=-7), A033715 (d=-8), A028609 (d=-11), A028641 (d=-19), this sequence (d=-43).

Sequence in context: A033725 A204010 A033723 * A107494 A079205 A317641

Adjacent sequences:  A138808 A138809 A138810 * A138812 A138813 A138814

KEYWORD

nonn

AUTHOR

Michael Somos, Mar 31 2008, Apr 05 2008

STATUS

approved

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Last modified May 24 18:34 EDT 2019. Contains 323534 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)