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A133942 a(n) = (-1)^n * n!. 15
1, -1, 2, -6, 24, -120, 720, -5040, 40320, -362880, 3628800, -39916800, 479001600, -6227020800, 87178291200, -1307674368000, 20922789888000, -355687428096000, 6402373705728000, -121645100408832000, 2432902008176640000 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,3

COMMENTS

A variant of A000142, the factorial numbers. - N. J. A. Sloane, Oct 03 2007

The terms of this sequences form the factorial series which Euler called the divergent series par excellence.

Euler summed this series to 0.596347... (A073003 = Gompertz's constant).

Sum_{n>=0} 1/a(n) = 1/e. - Jaume Oliver Lafont, Mar 03 2009

A002104(n+1) = p(-1) where p(x) is the unique degree-n polynomial such that p(k) = a(k) for k = 0, 1, ..., n. - Michael Somos, Apr 30 2012

a(n) = A048594(2*n+1, n+1). - Reinhard Zumkeller, Mar 02 2014

log(1+x) = Sum_{n>=1} a(n-1)/n!*x^n. - James R. Buddenhagen, May 24 2015

It seems that a(n) is the determinant of n+1 X n+1 matrix whose elements are m(i,j) = quotient(i/j) + remainder(i/j). - Andres Cicuttin, Feb 11 2018

REFERENCES

A. N. Khovanskii. The Application of Continued Fractions and Their Generalizations to Problem in Approximation Theory. Groningen: Noordhoff, Netherlands, 1963. See p. 141 (10.19)

R. Roy, Sources in the Development of Mathematics, Cambridge University Press, 2011. See p. 186.

LINKS

Iain Fox, Table of n, a(n) for n = 0..449 (first 161 terms from Vincenzo Librandi)

V. S. Varadarajan, Euler and his Work on Infinite Series, Bull. Amer. Math. Soc., 44 (No. 4, 2007), 515-539. (See p. 527 and 530.)

Index entries for sequences related to factorial numbers

FORMULA

Sum_{i=0..n} (-1)^i * i^n * binomial(n, i) = (-1)^n * n!. - Yong Kong (ykong(AT)curagen.com), Dec 26 2000

Stirling transform of a(n) = [1, -1, 2, -6, 24, ...] is A000007(n) = [1, 0, 0, 0, 0, ...].

a(n) = -n * a(n-1) unless n=0. a(n) = (-1)^n * A000142(n).

E.g.f.: 1/(1 + x).

G.f.: integral(t=1/x,infinity, (e^-t)/t) e^(1/x)/x = 1/(1 + x/(1 + x/(1 + 2*x/(1 + 2*x/(1 + 3*x/(1 + 3*x/(1 + ...))))))).

Convolution inverse of A158882. HANKEL transform is A055209. PSUM transform is A058006. BIN1 transform is A002741(n+1). - Michael Somos, Apr 30 2012

G.f.: 1 - x/(G(0)+x) where G(k) = 1 + (k+1)*x/(1 + x*(k+2)/G(k+1)), G(0) = W(1,1;x)/W(1,2;x), W(a,b,x) = 1 - a*b*x/1! + a*(a+1)*b*(b+1)*x^2/2! - ... + a*(a+1)*...*(a+n-1)*b*(b+1)*...*(b+n-1)*x^n/n! + ...; see [A. N. Khovanskii, p. 141 (10.19)]; (continued fraction, 2-step). - Sergei N. Gladkovskii, Aug 14 2012

G.f.: 1/U(0) where U(k) = 1 + x*(k+1)/(1 + x*(k+1)/U(k+1)); (continued fraction, 2-step). - Sergei N. Gladkovskii, Oct 15 2012

a(n) = (-1)^n*det(S(i+1,j)|, 1 <= i,j <= n), where S(n,k) are Stirling numbers of the second kind. - Mircea Merca, Apr 06 2013

G.f.: 2/G(0), where G(k)= 1 + 1/(1 - 2*x*(k+1)/(2*x*(k+1) + 1 + 2*x*(k+1)/G(k+1))); (continued fraction). - Sergei N. Gladkovskii, May 30 2013

E.g.f.: 1/(1 + x)= G(0), where G(k) = 1 - x*(k+1)*(k+2)/(1 + (k+1)/G(k+1) ); (continued fraction). - Sergei N. Gladkovskii, Jan 29 2014

For n >= 1, a(n) = round(zeta^(n)(2)), where zeta^(n) is the n-th derivative of the Riemann Zeta Function. - Iain Fox, Nov 13 2017

a(n) = (n+1)^(n+1) * Integral_{x=0..1} (x*log(x))^n dx. - Peter James Foreman, Oct 27 2018

EXAMPLE

G.f. = 1 - x + 2*x^2 - 6*x^3 + 24*x^4 - 120*x^5 + 720*x^6 - 5040*x^7 + ...

MAPLE

seq((-1)^n*factorial(n), n=0..20); # Muniru A Asiru, Oct 27 2018

MATHEMATICA

nn=20; CoefficientList[Series[1/(1+x), {x, 0, nn}], x]Range[0, nn]! (* or *)

RecurrenceTable[{a[0]==1, a[n]==-n*a[n-1]}, a[n], {n, 20}]] (* Harvey P. Dale, May 10 2011 and slightly modified by Robert G. Wilson v, Feb 12 2018 *)

a[n_] := (-1)^n*n!; Array[a, 22, 0] (* Robert G. Wilson v, Feb 11 2018 *)

PROG

(PARI) {a(n) = if( n<0, 0, (-1)^n * n! )};

(MAGMA) [(-1)^n * Factorial(n): n in [0..25]]; // Vincenzo Librandi, May 12 2011

(Haskell)

a133942 n = a133942_list !! n

a133942_list = zipWith (*) a000142_list $ cycle [1, -1]

-- Reinhard Zumkeller, Mar 02 2014

(Python)

import math

for n in range(0, 25): print((-1)**n*math.factorial(n), end=', ') # Stefano Spezia, Oct 27 2018

(GAP) List([0..20], n->(-1)^n*Factorial(n)); # Muniru A Asiru, Oct 27 2018

CROSSREFS

Cf. A000142, A002104, A002741, A055209, A058006 (partial sums), A158882.

Cf. A048994 (alternating row sums).

Sequence in context: A289282 A155456 A124355 * A159333 A165233 A000142

Adjacent sequences:  A133939 A133940 A133941 * A133943 A133944 A133945

KEYWORD

sign

AUTHOR

Michael Somos, Sep 30 2007

STATUS

approved

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Last modified October 13 19:52 EDT 2019. Contains 327981 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)