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A131744 Eric Angelini's "1995" puzzle: the sequence is defined by the property that if one writes the English names for the entries, replaces each letter with its rank in the alphabet and calculates the absolute values of the differences, one recovers the sequence. 13
1, 9, 9, 5, 5, 9, 9, 5, 5, 9, 1, 3, 13, 17, 1, 3, 13, 17, 9, 5, 5, 9, 9, 5, 5, 9, 1, 3, 13, 17, 1, 3, 13, 17, 9, 5, 5, 9, 10, 1, 9, 15, 12, 10, 13, 0, 15, 12, 1, 9, 2, 15, 0, 9, 5, 14, 17, 17, 9, 6, 15, 0, 9, 1, 1, 9, 15, 12, 10, 13, 0, 15, 12, 1, 9, 2, 15, 0, 9, 5, 14, 17, 17, 9 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,2

COMMENTS

In the first few million terms, the numbers 16, 19, 20 and 22-26 do not occur. Of the numbers that do occur, the number 11 appears with the smallest frequence - see A133152. - N. J. A. Sloane, Sep 22 2007

From David Applegate, Sep 24 2007: (Start)

The numbers 16, 19-20, 22-25 never occur in the sequence. The following table gives the possible numbers that can occur in the sequence and for each one, the possible numbers that can follow it. The table is complete - when any number and its successor are expanded, the resulting pairs are also in the table. It contains the expansion of 1 and thus describes all possible transitions:

0 -> 0,1,4,5,7,9,10,12,15,21

1 -> 1,3,5,9,12

2 -> 1,3,12,15

3 -> 0,1,2,3,4,5,8,9,11,12,13,14,18

4 -> 2,3,12,14

5 -> 3,5,9,10,12,14,15

6 -> 3,5,12,15,21

7 -> 7,10,17

8 -> 0,3,5,9

9 -> 0,1,2,3,4,5,6,8,9,10,12,14,15,21

10 -> 1,13,15,17

11 -> 21

12 -> 0,1,6,9,10,14,15,21

13 -> 0,3,17

14 -> 3,10,15,17

15 -> 0,3,4,9,12,15,18

17 -> 1,9,10,14,15,17,21

18 -> 3,7,9

21 -> 13,21

(End)

The sequence may also be extended in the reverse direction: ... 0 21 21 13 3 0 [then what we have now] 1 9 9 5 5 ..., corresponding to ... zero twentyone twentyone thirteen three zero one nine nine five ... - N. J. A. Sloane, Sep 27 2007

The name of this sequence ("Eric Angelini's ... puzzle") was added by N. J. A. Sloane many months after Eric Angelini submitted it.

Begin with 1, map the integer to its name and then map according to A073029, compute the absolute difference, spell out that difference; iterate as necessary. - Robert G. Wilson v, Jun 08 2010

LINKS

N. J. A. Sloane, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..40000

EXAMPLE

O.N.E...N.I.N.E...N.I.N.E...F.I..V..E...F.I..V..E...

.1.9..9..5.5.9..9..5.5.9..1..3.13.17..1..3.13.17....

1 -> "one" -> 15,14,5 -> (the difference is) 1,9; iterate. Therefore 1,9 -> "one,nine"; -> 15,14,5,14,9,14,5 -> 1,9,9,5,5,9; "one,nine,nine,five,five,nine"; etc. - Robert G. Wilson v, Jun 08 2010

MATHEMATICA

tra = {"a" -> 1, "b" -> 2, "c" -> 3, "d" -> 4, "e" -> 5, "f" -> 6, "g" -> 7, "h" -> 8, "i" -> 9, "j" -> 10, "k" -> 11, "l" -> 12, "m" -> 13, "n" -> 14, "o" -> 15, "p" -> 16, "q" -> 17, "r" -> 18, "s" -> 19, "t" -> 20, "u" -> 21, "v" -> 22, "w" -> 23, "x" -> 24, "y" -> 25, "z" -> 26};

trn = {0 -> "zero", 1 -> "one", 2 -> "two", 3 -> "three", 4 -> "four", 5 -> "five", 6 -> "six", 7 -> "seven", 8 -> "eight", 9 -> "nine", 10 -> "ten", 11 -> "eleven", 12 -> "twelve", 13 -> "thirteen", 14 -> "fourteen", 15 -> "fifteen", 17 -> "seventeen", 18 -> "eighteen", 21 -> "twentyone"};

f[n_] := (aa = IntegerDigits@n /. trn; bb = Characters@aa /. tra // Flatten; cc = Flatten@ Abs[ Most@bb - Rest@bb]); Nest[f@# &, {1}, 4] (* Robert G. Wilson v, Jun 08 2010 *)

CROSSREFS

Cf. A131745, A131746, A130316, A133152, A133816, A133817.

Cf. A131285 (ranks of letters), A131286, A131287.

Cf. A001477 (see its b-file). - Robert G. Wilson v, Jun 08 2010

Sequence in context: A117232 A155995 A229191 * A076416 A201289 A091133

Adjacent sequences:  A131741 A131742 A131743 * A131745 A131746 A131747

KEYWORD

nonn,word,nice

AUTHOR

Eric Angelini, Sep 20 2007

EXTENSIONS

More terms from N. J. A. Sloane, Sep 20 2007

STATUS

approved

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Last modified November 12 16:50 EST 2018. Contains 317116 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)