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A128201 Union of positive squares and the odd numbers. 6

%I

%S 1,3,4,5,7,9,11,13,15,16,17,19,21,23,25,27,29,31,33,35,36,37,39,41,43,

%T 45,47,49,51,53,55,57,59,61,63,64,65,67,69,71,73,75,77,79,81,83,85,87,

%U 89,91,93,95,97,99,100,101,103,105,107,109,111,113,115,117,119,121,123

%N Union of positive squares and the odd numbers.

%C Range of A128200.

%C Positive numbers n such that n^((1 + n)/2) is an integer. - _Gionata Neri_, May 07 2016

%H R. Zumkeller, <a href="/A128201/b128201.txt">Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..10000</a>

%F a(n) = f(n,1,1,2), where f(n,i,m,x) = if i=n then m; else if m+1=x^2 then f(n,i+1,m+1,x); else if m+1>x^2 then f(n,i+1,m+1,x+2); else f(n,i+1,m+2,x).

%F Set R(n) = 2*n - round(sqrt(2*n)); then a(n) = R(n) + sign(frac(sqrt(R(n)))) * (not(R(n) mod 2)). - _Gerald Hillier_, Apr 16 2015

%t f[n_] := Block[{s = Range[n]^2, t}, Union[s, Range[1, Last@ s, 2]] // Sort]; f@ 12 (* _Michael De Vlieger_, Apr 16 2015 *)

%o (PARI) A128201(n)=!(bittest(n=2*n-round(sqrt(2*n)),0)||issquare(n))+n \\ Based on Hiliers's formula. - _M. F. Hasler_, Apr 19 2015

%o (PARI) is_A128201(n)=bittest(n,0)||issquare(n) \\ _M. F. Hasler_, Apr 19 2015

%Y Partial sums given by A157130. - _Gerald Hillier_, Feb 25 2009

%Y See A176693 for the union of even numbers and the squares. - _M. F. Hasler_, Apr 19 2015

%Y Cf. A157502, A157512.

%K nonn,easy

%O 1,2

%A _Reinhard Zumkeller_, Mar 04 2007

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Last modified November 15 18:59 EST 2019. Contains 329149 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)