login
This site is supported by donations to The OEIS Foundation.

 

Logo


Hints
(Greetings from The On-Line Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences!)
A124733 Triangle read by rows: row n is the first row of the matrix M[n]^(n-1), where M[n] is the n X n tridiagonal matrix with main diagonal (2,3,3,...) and super- and subdiagonals (1,1,1,...). 27
1, 2, 1, 5, 5, 1, 15, 21, 8, 1, 51, 86, 46, 11, 1, 188, 355, 235, 80, 14, 1, 731, 1488, 1140, 489, 123, 17, 1, 2950, 6335, 5397, 2730, 875, 175, 20, 1, 12235, 27352, 25256, 14462, 5530, 1420, 236, 23, 1, 51822, 119547, 117582, 74172, 32472, 10026, 2151, 306, 26, 1 (list; table; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,2

COMMENTS

With a different offset: Triangle T(n,k), 0<=k<=n, read by rows given by : T(0,0)=1, T(n,k)=0 if k<0 or if k>n, T(n,0)=2*T(n-1,0)+T(n-1,1), T(n,k)=T(n-1,k-1)+3*T(n-1,k)+T(n-1,k+1) for k>=1. - Philippe Deléham, Mar 27 2007

Equals A007318*A039599 (when written as lower triangular matrix). - Philippe Deléham, Jun 16 2007

This triangle belongs to the family of triangles defined by: T(0,0)=1, T(n,k)=0 if k<0 or if k>n, T(n,0)=x*T(n-1,0)+T(n-1,1), T(n,k)=T(n-1,k-1)+y*T(n-1,k)+T(n-1,k+1) for k>=1 . Other triangles arise by choosing different values for (x,y): (0,0) -> A053121; (0,1) -> A089942; (0,2) -> A126093; (0,3) -> A126970; (1,0)-> A061554; (1,1) -> A064189; (1,2) -> A039599; (1,3) -> A110877; ((1,4) -> A124576; (2,0) -> A126075; (2,1) -> A038622; (2,2) -> A039598; (2,3) -> A124733; (2,4) -> A124575; (3,0) -> A126953; (3,1) -> A126954; (3,2) -> A111418; (3,3) -> A091965; (3,4) -> A124574; (4,3) -> A126791; (4,4) -> A052179; (4,5) -> A126331; (5,5) -> A125906. - Philippe Deléham, Sep 25 2007

5^n = (n-th row terms) dot (first n+1 odd integers). Example: 5^4 = 625 = (51, 86, 46, 11, 1) dot (1, 3, 5, 7, 9) = (51 + 258 + 230 + 77 + 9) = 625. [Gary W. Adamson, Jun 13 2011]

LINKS

G. C. Greubel, Table of n, a(n) for the first 50 rows, flattened

FORMULA

Sum_{k, 0<=k<=n} (-1)^(n-k)*T(n,k) = (-1)^n. - Philippe Deléham, Feb 27 2007

Sum_{k, 0<=k<=n} T(n,k)*(2*k+1) = 5^n. - Philippe Deléham, Mar 27 2007

T(n,k) = (-1)^(n-k)*(GegenbauerC(n-k,-n+1,3/2) + GegenbauerC(n-k-1,-n+1,3/2)). - Peter Luschny, May 13 2016

EXAMPLE

Row 3 is (5,5,1) because M[3]=[2,1,0;1,3,1;0,1,3] and M[3]^2=[5,5,1;5,11,6;1,6,10].

Triangle starts:

1;

2, 1;

5, 5, 1;

15, 21, 8, 1;

51, 86, 46, 11, 1;

188, 355, 235, 80, 14, 1;

MAPLE

with(linalg): m:=proc(i, j) if i=1 and j=1 then 2 elif i=j then 3 elif abs(i-j)=1 then 1 else 0 fi end: for n from 3 to 11 do A[n]:=matrix(n, n, m): B[n]:=multiply(seq(A[n], i=1..n-1)) od: 1; 2, 1; for n from 3 to 11 do seq(B[n][1, j], j=1..n) od; # yields sequence in triangular form

T := (n, k) -> (-1)^(n-k)*simplify(GegenbauerC(n-k, -n+1, 3/2) + GegenbauerC(n-k-1, -n+1, 3/2)): seq(seq(T(n, k), k=1..n), n=1..10); # Peter Luschny, May 13 2016

MATHEMATICA

T[0, 0, x_, y_] := 1; T[n_, 0, x_, y_] := x*T[n - 1, 0, x, y] + T[n - 1, 1, x, y]; T[n_, k_, x_, y_] := T[n, k, x, y] = If[k < 0 || k > n, 0,  T[n - 1, k - 1, x, y] + y*T[n - 1, k, x, y] + T[n - 1, k + 1, x, y]];

Table[T[n, k, 2, 3], {n, 0, 49}, {k, 0, n}] // Flatten (* G. C. Greubel, Apr 21 2017 *)

CROSSREFS

Cf. A110877, A091965, A007317, A007317, A026375 (row sums).

Sequence in context: A060920 A107842 A126216 * A137597 A059340 A248727

Adjacent sequences:  A124730 A124731 A124732 * A124734 A124735 A124736

KEYWORD

nonn,tabl

AUTHOR

Gary W. Adamson & Roger L. Bagula, Nov 05 2006

EXTENSIONS

Edited by N. J. A. Sloane, Dec 04 2006

STATUS

approved

Lookup | Welcome | Wiki | Register | Music | Plot 2 | Demos | Index | Browse | More | WebCam
Contribute new seq. or comment | Format | Style Sheet | Transforms | Superseeker | Recent | More pages
The OEIS Community | Maintained by The OEIS Foundation Inc.

License Agreements, Terms of Use, Privacy Policy .

Last modified September 20 12:31 EDT 2017. Contains 292271 sequences.