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 A121486 Number of peaks at even level in all nondecreasing Dyck paths of semilength n. A nondecreasing Dyck path is a Dyck path for which the sequence of the altitudes of the valleys is nondecreasing. 2
 0, 1, 4, 13, 43, 132, 400, 1184, 3461, 9999, 28634, 81383, 229860, 645731, 1805582, 5028189, 13952221, 38590922, 106434540, 292792026, 803565215, 2200694791, 6015268164, 16412564173, 44708036568, 121600924117, 330277253560 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
 OFFSET 1,3 COMMENTS a(n)=Sum(k*A121484(n,k),k=0..n-1). REFERENCES E. Barcucci, A. Del Lungo, S. Fezzi and R. Pinzani, Nondecreasing Dyck paths and q-Fibonacci numbers, Discrete Math., 170, 1997, 211-217. E. Barcucci, R. Pinzani and R. Sprugnoli, Directed column-convex polyominoes by recurrence relations, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, No. 668, Springer, Berlin (1993), pp. 282-298. LINKS FORMULA G.f.=z^2*(1-z)(1-z-3z^2+3z^3-z^4)/[(1+z)(1-z-z^2)(1-3z+z^2)^2]. EXAMPLE a(3)=4 because in UDUDUD, UDUU|DD, UU|DDUD, UU|DU|DD and UUUDDD we have altogether 4 peaks at even level (shown by a |); here U=(1,1) and D=(1,-1). MAPLE G:=z^2*(1-z)*(1-z-3*z^2+3*z^3-z^4)/(1+z)/(1-z-z^2)/(1-3*z+z^2)^2: Gser:=series(G, z=0, 33): seq(coeff(Gser, z, n), n=1..30); CROSSREFS Cf. A121484, A121483, A038731. Sequence in context: A149425 A047144 A072307 * A188176 A003688 A033434 Adjacent sequences:  A121483 A121484 A121485 * A121487 A121488 A121489 KEYWORD nonn AUTHOR Emeric Deutsch, Aug 02 2006 STATUS approved

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