There is a unique decomposition of the primes: provided the level a(n) is > 0, we have prime(n) = weight * level + gap, or A000040(n)=A117078(n)*a(n)+A001223(n).

a(n) = 0 only for primes 2, 3 and 7.

A118534(n) = prime(n) - g(n) or A000040(n) - A001223(n) if prime(n) - g(n) > g(n), 0 otherwise.