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A117107 Number of permutations in S_n avoiding 21{bar 3}54 (i.e., every occurrence of 2154 is contained in an occurrence of a 21354) and such that the graph corresponding to the permutation is connected (see "Forest-like permutations" below). 2

%I

%S 1,1,3,12,57,304,1765,10943,71519,488186,3456526,25251479,189545179

%N Number of permutations in S_n avoiding 21{bar 3}54 (i.e., every occurrence of 2154 is contained in an occurrence of a 21354) and such that the graph corresponding to the permutation is connected (see "Forest-like permutations" below).

%C From _Lara Pudwell_, Oct 23 2008: (Start)

%C A permutation p avoids a pattern q if it has no subsequence that is order-isomorphic to q. For example, p avoids the pattern 132 if it has no subsequence abc with a < c < b.

%C Barred pattern avoidance considers permutations that avoid a pattern except in a special case. Given a barred pattern q, we may form two patterns, q1 = the sequence of unbarred letters of q and q2 = the sequence of all letters of q.

%C A permutation p avoids barred pattern q if every instance of q1 in p is embedded in a copy of q2 in p. In other words, p avoids q1, except in the special case that a copy of q1 is a subsequence of a copy of q2.

%C For example, if q = 5{bar 1}32{bar 4}, then q1 = 532 and q2 = 51324. p avoids q if every for decreasing subsequence acd of length 3 in p, one can find letters b and e so that the subsequence abcde of p has b < d < c < e < a. (End)

%H M. Bousquet-Mélou and S. Butler, <a href="http://arXiv.org/abs/math.CO/0603617">Forest-like permutations</a>, arXiv:math/0603617 [math.CO], 2006.

%H Lara Pudwell, <a href="http://faculty.valpo.edu/lpudwell/papers/pudwell_thesis.pdf">Enumeration Schemes for Pattern-Avoiding Words and Permutations</a>, Ph. D. Dissertation, Math. Dept., Rutgers University, May 2008.

%e See example in A137546.

%Y Cf. A137536, A137537, A137538, A137539, A137540, A137541, A137542, A137543, A137544, A137545, A137546, A137547, A137548.

%K nonn,more

%O 1,3

%A _Steve Butler_, Apr 18 2006

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Last modified June 16 07:14 EDT 2019. Contains 324145 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)