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A110529 Numbers n such that n in ternary representation (A007089) has a block of exactly a prime number of consecutive zeros. 1

%I

%S 9,18,27,28,29,36,45,54,55,56,63,72,82,83,84,85,86,87,88,89,90,99,108,

%T 109,110,117,126,135,136,137,144,153,163,164,165,166,167,168,169,170,

%U 171,180,189,190,191,198,207,216,217,218,225,234,243,246,247,248,249

%N Numbers n such that n in ternary representation (A007089) has a block of exactly a prime number of consecutive zeros.

%C Related to the Baum-Sweet sequence, but ternary rather than binary and prime rather than odd.

%D J.-P. Allouche and J. Shallit, Automatic Sequences, Cambridge Univ. Press, 2003, p. 157.

%H J.-P. Allouche, <a href="http://www.mat.univie.ac.at/~slc/s/s30allouche.pdf">Finite Automata and Arithmetic</a>.

%F a(n) is in this sequence iff n (base 3) = A007089(n) has a block (not a sub-block) of a prime number (A000040) of consecutive zeros.

%e a(1) = 9 because 9 (base 3) = 100, which has a block of 2 zeros.

%e a(2) = 18 because 18 (base 3) = 200, which has a block of 2 zeros.

%e a(3) = 27 because 27 (base 3) = 1000, which has a block of 3 zeros.

%e 81 is not in this sequence because 81 (base 3) = 10000 has a block of 4 consecutive zeros and it does not matter that this has sub-blocks with 2 or 3 consecutive zeros because sub-blocks do not count here.

%e 243 is in this sequence because 243 (base 3) = 100000, which has a block of 5 zeros.

%e 252 is in this sequence because 252 (base 3) = 100100 which has two blocks of 2 consecutive zeros, but we do not require there to be only one such prime-zeros block.

%e 2187 is in this sequence because 2187 (base 3) = 10000000, which has a block of 7 zeros.

%t Select[Range[250], Or @@ (First[ # ] == 0 && PrimeQ[Length[ # ]] &) /@ Split[IntegerDigits[ #, 3]] &] - _Ray Chandler_, Sep 12 2005

%Y Cf. A007089, A037011, A086747, A110471, A110472, A110474.

%K base,easy,nonn

%O 1,1

%A _Jonathan Vos Post_, Sep 11 2005

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Last modified April 17 20:01 EDT 2014. Contains 240655 sequences.