

A108388


Transmutable primes: Primes with distinct digits d_i, i=1,m (2<=m<=4) such that simultaneously exchanging all occurrences of any one pair (d_i,d_j), i<>j results in a prime.


3



13, 17, 31, 37, 71, 73, 79, 97, 113, 131, 179, 191, 199, 313, 331, 337, 773, 911, 919, 1171, 1933, 3391, 7717, 9311, 11113, 11119, 11177, 11717, 11933, 33199, 33331, 77171, 77711, 77713, 79999, 97777, 99991, 113111, 131111, 131113, 131171, 131311
(list;
graph;
refs;
listen;
history;
text;
internal format)



OFFSET

0,1


COMMENTS

a(n) is a term iff a(n) is prime and binomial(m,2) 'transmutations' (see example) of a(n) are different primes. A083983 is the subsequence for m=2: one transmutation (The author of A083983, Amarnath Murthy, calls the result of such a digitexchange a selfcomplement. {Because I didn't know until afterwards that this sequence was a generalization of A083983 and as this generalization always leaves some digits unchanged for m>2, I've chosen different terminology.}). A108389 ({1,3,7,9}) is the subsequence for m=4: six transmutations. Each a(n) corresponding to m=3 (depending upon its set of distinct digits) and having three transmutations is also a member of A108382 ({1,3,7}), A108383 ({1,3,9}), A108384 ({1,7,9}), or A108385 ({3,7,9}). The condition m>=2 only eliminates the repunit (A004022) and singledigit primes. The condition m<=4 is not a restriction because if there were more distinct digits, they would include even digits or the digit 5, in either case transmuting into a composite number. Some terms such as 1933 are reversible primes ("Emirps": A006567) and the reverse is also transmutable. The transmutable prime 3391933 has three distinct digits and is also a palindromic prime (A002385). The smallest transmutable prime having four distinct digits is A108389(0) = 133999337137 (12 digits).


LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=0..41.


EXAMPLE

179 is a term because it is prime and its three transmutations are all prime:
exchanging ('transmuting') 1 and 7: 179 ==> 719 (prime),
exchanging 1 and 9: 179 ==> 971 (prime) and
exchanging 7 and 9: 179 ==> 197 (prime).
(As 791 and 917 are not prime, 179 is not a term of A068652 or A003459 also.).
Similarly, 1317713 is transmutable:
exchanging all 1's and 3s: 1317713 ==> 3137731 (prime),
exchanging all 1's and 7s: 1317713 ==> 7371173 (prime) and
exchanging all 3s and 7s: 1317713 ==> 1713317 (prime).


CROSSREFS

Cf. A108382, A108383, A108384, A108385, A108386, A108389 (transmutable primes with four distinct digits), A083983 (transmutable primes with two distinct digits), A108387 (doublytransmutable primes), A006567 (reversible primes), A002385 (palindromic primes), A068652 (every cyclic permutation is prime), A003459 (absolute primes).
Sequence in context: A006567 A246043 A246045 * A083983 A129338 A138535
Adjacent sequences: A108385 A108386 A108387 * A108389 A108390 A108391


KEYWORD

base,nonn


AUTHOR

Rick L. Shepherd, Jun 02 2005


STATUS

approved



