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A103247 Triangle read by rows: T(n,k) is the coefficient of x^k (0<=k<=n) in the monic characteristic polynomial of the n X n matrix with 3's on the diagonal and 1's elsewhere (n>=1). Row 0 consists of the single term 1. 5

%I

%S 1,-3,1,8,-6,1,-20,24,-9,1,48,-80,48,-12,1,-112,240,-200,80,-15,1,256,

%T -672,720,-400,120,-18,1,-576,1792,-2352,1680,-700,168,-21,1,1280,

%U -4608,7168,-6272,3360,-1120,224,-24,1,-2816,11520,-20736,21504,-14112,6048,-1680,288,-27,1,6144,-28160,57600,-69120

%N Triangle read by rows: T(n,k) is the coefficient of x^k (0<=k<=n) in the monic characteristic polynomial of the n X n matrix with 3's on the diagonal and 1's elsewhere (n>=1). Row 0 consists of the single term 1.

%C Row sums of the unsigned triangle yield A006234. The unsigned triangle is the mirror image of A103407.

%F Appears to be the matrix product (I-S)*P^(-2), where I is the identity, P is Pascal's triangle A007318 and S is A132440, the infinitesimal generator of P. Cf. A055137 (= (I-S)*P) and A103283 (= (I-S)*P^(-1)). - _Peter Bala_, Nov 28 2011

%e The monic characteristic polynomial of the matrix [3 1 1 / 1 3 1 / 1 1 3] is x^3 - 9x^2 + 24x - 20; so T(3,0)=-20, T(3,1)=24, T(3,2)=-9, T(3,3)=1.

%e Triangle begins:

%e 1;

%e -3,1;

%e 8,-6,1;

%e -20,24,-9,1;

%e 48,-80,48,-12,1;

%p with(linalg): a:=proc(i,j) if i=j then 3 else 1 fi end: 1;for n from 1 to 10 do seq(coeff(expand(x*charpoly(matrix(n,n,a),x)),x^k),k=1..n+1) od; # yields the sequence in triangular form

%Y Cf. A006234, A103407.

%K sign,tabl

%O 0,2

%A _Emeric Deutsch_, Mar 19 2005

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Last modified June 18 17:05 EDT 2019. Contains 324214 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)