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A099263 a(n) = (1/40320)*8^n + (1/1440)*6^n + (1/360)*5^n + (1/64)*4^n + (11/180)*3^n + (53/288)*2^n + 103/280. Partial sum of Stirling numbers of second kind S(n,i), i=1..8 (i.e., a(n) = Sum_{i=1..8} S(n,i)). 8
1, 2, 5, 15, 52, 203, 877, 4140, 21146, 115929, 677359, 4189550, 27243100, 184941915, 1301576801, 9433737120, 69998462014, 529007272061, 4054799902003, 31415584940850, 245382167055488, 1928337630016767, 15222915798289765 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,2

COMMENTS

Density of regular language L over {1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8} (i.e., number of strings of length n in L) described by a regular expression with c = 8: Sum_{i=1..c} (Product_{j=1..i} (j(1+...+j)*), where "Sum" stands for union and "Product" for concatenation.

LINKS

Vincenzo Librandi, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..1000

Joerg Arndt and N. J. A. Sloane, Counting Words that are in "Standard Order"

N. Moreira and R. Reis, On the density of languages representing finite set partitions, Technical Report DCC-2004-07, August 2004, DCC-FC& LIACC, Universidade do Porto.

N. Moreira and R. Reis, On the Density of Languages Representing Finite Set Partitions, Journal of Integer Sequences, Vol. 8 (2005), Article 05.2.8.

Index entries for linear recurrences with constant coefficients, signature (29,-343,2135,-7504,14756,-14832,5760).

FORMULA

For c = 8, a(n) = c^n/c! + Sum_{k=1..c-2} k^n/k! * Sum_{j=2..c-k} (-1)^j/j!, or = Sum_{k=1..c} g(k, c)*k^n, where g(1, 1) = 1, g(1, c) = g(1, c-1) + (-1)^(c-1)/(c-1)! for c > 1, and g(k, c) = g(k-1, c-1)/k for c > 1 and 2 <= k <= c.

G.f.: -x*(3641*x^6 - 6583*x^5 + 4566*x^4 - 1579*x^3 + 290*x^2 - 27*x + 1) / ((x-1)*(2*x-1)*(3*x-1)*(4*x-1)*(5*x-1)*(6*x-1)*(8*x-1)). [Colin Barker, Dec 05 2012]

a(n) = Sum_{k=0..8} Stirling2(n,k).

G.f.: Sum_{j=0..k} A248925(k,j)*x^j / Product_{j=1..k} (1 - j*x) with k = 8. - Robert A. Russell, Apr 25 2018

MATHEMATICA

CoefficientList[Series[-(3641 x^6 - 6583 x^5 + 4566 x^4 - 1579 x^3 + 290 x^2 - 27 x + 1) / ((x - 1) (2 x - 1) (3 x - 1) (4 x - 1) (5 x - 1) (6 x - 1) (8 x - 1)), {x, 0, 30}], x] (* Vincenzo Librandi, Jul 27 2017 *)

Table[Sum[StirlingS2[n, k], {k, 0, 8}], {n, 1, 30}] (* Robert A. Russell, Apr 25 2018 *)

LinearRecurrence[{29, -343, 2135, -7504, 14756, -14832, 5760}, {1, 2, 5, 15, 52, 203, 877}, 30] (* Harvey P. Dale, Aug 27 2019 *)

PROG

(Magma) [(1/40320)*8^n+(1/1440)*6^n+(1/360)*5^n+(1/64)*4^n +(11/180)*3^n+(53/288)*2^n+103/280: n in [1..30]]; // Vincenzo Librandi, Jul 27 2017

(PARI) a(n) = (1/40320)*8^n + (1/1440)*6^n + (1/360)*5^n + (1/64)*4^n + (11/180)*3^n + (53/288)*2^n + 103/280; \\ Altug Alkan, Apr 25 2018

CROSSREFS

Cf. A007051, A007581, A056272, A056273, A099262.

A row of the array in A278984.

Cf. A008277 (Stirling2), A248925.

Sequence in context: A287279 A287257 A287669 * A192865 A229225 A343669

Adjacent sequences:  A099260 A099261 A099262 * A099264 A099265 A099266

KEYWORD

nonn,easy

AUTHOR

Nelma Moreira, Oct 10 2004

STATUS

approved

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Last modified October 7 08:05 EDT 2022. Contains 357270 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)