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A099039 Riordan array (1,c(-x)), where c(x) = g.f. of Catalan numbers. 17
1, 0, 1, 0, -1, 1, 0, 2, -2, 1, 0, -5, 5, -3, 1, 0, 14, -14, 9, -4, 1, 0, -42, 42, -28, 14, -5, 1, 0, 132, -132, 90, -48, 20, -6, 1, 0, -429, 429, -297, 165, -75, 27, -7, 1, 0, 1430, -1430, 1001, -572, 275, -110, 35, -8, 1, 0, -4862, 4862, -3432, 2002, -1001, 429, -154, 44, -9, 1, 0, 16796, -16796, 11934, -7072, 3640, -1638 (list; table; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,8

COMMENTS

Row sums are generalized Catalan numbers A064310. Diagonal sums are 0^n+(-1)^n*A030238(n-2). Inverse is A026729, as number triangle. Columns have g.f. (xc(-x))^k=((sqrt(1+4x)-1)/2)^k.

Triangle T(n,k), 0 <= k <= n, read by rows, given by [0, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, ... ] DELTA [1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, ... ] where DELTA is the operator defined in A084938. - Philippe Deléham, May 31 2005

LINKS

G. C. Greubel, Table of n, a(n) for the first 100 rows, flattened

George Beck and Karl Dilcher, A Matrix Related to Stern Polynomials and the Prouhet-Thue-Morse Sequence, arXiv:2106.10400 [math.CO], 2021. See (2.10) p. 6.

F. R. Bernhart, Catalan, Motzkin and Riordan numbers, Discr. Math., 204 (1999), 73-112.

D. Callan, A recursive bijective approach to counting permutations containing 3-letter patterns, arXiv:math/0211380 [math.CO], 2002.

E. Deutsch, Dyck path enumeration, Discrete Math., 204, 1999, 167-202.

R. K. Guy, Catwalks, sandsteps and Pascal pyramids, J. Integer Sequences, Vol. 3 (2000), Article #00.1.6.

A. Robertson, D. Saracino and D. Zeilberger, Refined restricted permutations, arXiv:math/0203033 [math.CO], 2002.

L. W. Shapiro, S. Getu, Wen-Jin Woan and L. C. Woodson, The Riordan Group, Discrete Appl. Maths. 34 (1991) 229-239.

FORMULA

T(n, k) = (-1)^(n+k)*binomial(2*n-k-1, n-k)*k/n for 0 <= k <= n with n > 0; T(0, 0) = 1; T(0, k) = 0 if k > 0. - Philippe Deléham, May 31 2005

EXAMPLE

Rows begin {1}, {0,1}, {0,-1,1}, {0,2,-2,1}, {0,-5,5,-3,1}, ...

Triangle begins

1;

0, 1;

0, -1, 1;

0, 2, -2, 1;

0, -5, 5, -3, 1;

0, 14, -14, 9, -4, 1;

0, -42, 42, -28, 14, -5, 1;

0, 132, -132, 90, -48, 20, -6, 1;

0, -429, 429, -297, 165, -75, 27, -7, 1;

Production matrix is

0, 1,

0, -1, 1,

0, 1, -1, 1,

0, -1, 1, -1, 1,

0, 1, -1, 1, -1, 1,

0, -1, 1, -1, 1, -1, 1,

0, 1, -1, 1, -1, 1, -1, 1,

0, -1, 1, -1, 1, -1, 1, -1, 1,

0, 1, -1, 1, -1, 1, -1, 1, -1, 1

MATHEMATICA

T[n_, k_]:= If[n == 0 && k == 0, 1, If[n == 0 && k > 0, 0, (-1)^(n + k)*Binomial[2*n - k - 1, n - k]*k/n]]; Table[T[n, k], {n, 0, 15}, {k, 0, n}] // Flatten (* G. C. Greubel, Dec 31 2017 *)

PROG

(PARI) {T(n, k) = if(n == 0 && k == 0, 1, if(n == 0 && k > 0, 0, (-1)^(n + k)*binomial(2*n - k - 1, n - k)*k/n))};

for(n=0, 15, for(k=0, n, print1(T(n, k), ", "))) \\ G. C. Greubel, Dec 31 2017

CROSSREFS

The three triangles A059365, A106566 and A099039 are the same except for signs and the leading term.

Cf. A033184, A000108.

Cf. A106566 (unsigned version), A059365

The following are all versions of (essentially) the same Catalan triangle: A009766, A030237, A033184, A059365, A099039, A106566, A130020, A047072.

Diagonals give A000108 A000245 A002057 A000344 A003517 A000588 A003518 A003519 A001392, ...

Sequence in context: A147746 A059365 A106566 * A205574 A049244 A110281

Adjacent sequences: A099036 A099037 A099038 * A099040 A099041 A099042

KEYWORD

easy,sign,tabl

AUTHOR

Paul Barry, Sep 23 2004

STATUS

approved

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Last modified December 6 18:58 EST 2022. Contains 358644 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)