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A098977 Triangle read by rows: counts ordered trees by number of edges and position of first edge that terminates at a vertex of outdegree 1. 0
1, 1, 1, 2, 2, 1, 4, 5, 3, 2, 9, 14, 9, 6, 4, 21, 42, 28, 19, 13, 9, 51, 132, 90, 62, 43, 30, 21, 127, 429, 297, 207, 145, 102, 72, 51, 323, 1430, 1001, 704, 497, 352, 250, 178, 127, 835, 4862, 3432, 2431, 1727, 1230, 878, 628, 450, 323, 2188, 16796, 11934, 8502 (list; table; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,4

COMMENTS

T(n,k) = number of ordered trees on n edges whose k-th edge (in preorder or "walk around from root" order) is the first one that terminates at a vertex of outdegree 1 (k=0 if there is no such edge). The first column and the main diagonal (after initial entry) are Motzkin numbers (A001006). Each interior entry is the sum of its North and East neighbors.

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=1..59.

FORMULA

G.f. for column k=0 is (1 - z - (1-2*z-3*z^2)^(1/2))/(2*z^2) = Sum_{n>=1}T(n, 0)z^n. G.f. for columns k>=1 is (t*(1 - (1 - 4*z)^(1/2) - 2*z))/ (1 - t + t*(1 - 4*z)^(1/2) + t*z + (1 - 2*t*z - 3*t^2*z^2)^(1/2)) = Sum_{n>=2, 1<=k<=n-1}T(n, k)z^n*t^k.

EXAMPLE

Table begins

\ k 0, 1, 2, ...

n

1 | 1

2 | 1, 1

3 | 2, 2, 1

4 | 4, 5, 3, 2

5 | 9, 14, 9, 6, 4

6 | 21, 42, 28, 19, 13, 9

7 | 51, 132, 90, 62, 43, 30, 21

8 |127, 429, 297, 207, 145, 102, 72, 51

T(4,2)=3 counts the following ordered trees (drawn down from root).

..|..../\..../|\..

./.\....|.....|...

.|......|.........

MATHEMATICA

Clear[v] MotzkinNumber[n_]/; IntegerQ[n] && n>=0 := If[0<=n<=1, 1, Module[{x = 1, y = 1}, Do[temp = ((2*i + 1)*y + 3*(i - 1)*x)/(i + 2); x = y; y = temp, {i, 2, n}]; y]]; v[n_, 0]/; n>=1 := MotzkinNumber[n-1]; v[n_, k_]/; k>=n := 0; v[n_, k_]/; n>=2 && k==n-1 := MotzkinNumber[n-2]; v[n_, k_]/; n>=3 && 1<=k<=n-2 := v[n, k] = v[n, k+1]+v[n-1, k]; TableForm[Table[v[n, k], {n, 10}, {k, 0, n-1}]]

CROSSREFS

Column k=1 is A000108 (apart from first term), k=2 is A000245, k=3 is A026012.

Sequence in context: A064189 A273897 A063415 * A247311 A113547 A218580

Adjacent sequences:  A098974 A098975 A098976 * A098978 A098979 A098980

KEYWORD

nonn,tabl

AUTHOR

David Callan, Oct 24 2004

STATUS

approved

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Last modified February 20 06:45 EST 2018. Contains 299358 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)