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A098008 Length of transient part of aliquot sequence for n, or -1 if transient part is infinite. 20
1, 2, 2, 3, 2, 0, 2, 3, 4, 4, 2, 7, 2, 5, 5, 6, 2, 4, 2, 7, 3, 6, 2, 5, 1, 7, 3, 0, 2, 15, 2, 3, 6, 8, 3, 4, 2, 7, 3, 4, 2, 14, 2, 5, 7, 8, 2, 6, 4, 3, 4, 9, 2, 13, 3, 5, 3, 4, 2, 11, 2, 9, 3, 4, 3, 12, 2, 5, 4, 6, 2, 9, 2, 5, 5, 5, 3, 11, 2, 7, 5, 6, 2, 6, 3, 9, 7, 7, 2, 10, 4, 6, 4, 4, 2, 9, 2, 3, 4, 5, 2, 18 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,2

COMMENTS

See A098007 for further information.

a(n) = 0 if and only if n is perfect (A000396) or part of a cycle of length greater than 1. - Comment corrected by Antti Karttunen, Nov 02 2017.

It is believed that the first time a(n) = -1 is at n = 276 (see A008892). - N. J. A. Sloane, Nov 02 2017

REFERENCES

R. K. Guy, Unsolved Problems in Number Theory, B6.

R. K. Guy and J. L. Selfridge, Interim report on aliquot series, pp. 557-580 of Proceedings Manitoba Conference on Numerical Mathematics. University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Oct 1971.

LINKS

Antti Karttunen, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..275

EXAMPLE

From Antti Karttunen, Nov 02 2017: (Start)

For n = 3, a(n) = 2, because A001065(3) = 1 and A001065(1) = 0, so it took two steps to end in zero.

For n = 25, a(n) = 1, because A001065(25) = 6, and A001065(6) = 6, so it took one step to enter into a cycle.

For n = 12496, a(n) = 0, because 12496 is a member of 5-cycle of map n -> A001065(n) (see A072891).

(End)

MATHEMATICA

g[n_] := If[n > 0, DivisorSigma[1, n] - n, 0]; f[n_] := NestWhileList[g, n, UnsameQ, All]; Table[ Length[ f[n]] - 2, {n, 102}] (* good only for n<220 *) (* Robert G. Wilson v, Sep 10 2004 *)

PROG

(Scheme)

(define (A098008 n) (let loop ((visited (list n)) (i 1)) (let ((next (A001065 (car visited)))) (cond ((zero? next) i) ((member next visited) => (lambda (transientplus1) (- (length transientplus1) 1))) (else (loop (cons next visited) (+ 1 i))))))) ;; Good for at least n = 1..275.

(define (A001065 n) (- (A000203 n) n)) ;; For an implementation of A000203, see under that entry.

;; Antti Karttunen, Nov 02 2017

CROSSREFS

Cf. A001065, A098007, A044050, A003023, A008892. See A007906 for another version.

Cf. A206708 (gives a proper subset of zeros).

Sequence in context: A306821 A271226 A292372 * A234808 A248079 A127638

Adjacent sequences:  A098005 A098006 A098007 * A098009 A098010 A098011

KEYWORD

nonn,easy,nice

AUTHOR

N. J. A. Sloane, Sep 09 2004

EXTENSIONS

More terms from Robert G. Wilson v, Sep 10 2004

STATUS

approved

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Last modified June 16 13:13 EDT 2019. Contains 324152 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)