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A097845 Chebyshev polynomials S(n,171) + S(n-1,171) with Diophantine property. 4

%I

%S 1,172,29411,5029109,859948228,147046117879,25144026209081,

%T 4299481435634972,735186181467371131,125712537549484828429,

%U 21496108734780438290228,3675708881109905462800559

%N Chebyshev polynomials S(n,171) + S(n-1,171) with Diophantine property.

%C (13*a(n))^2 - 173*b(n)^2 = -4 with b(n) = A098244(n) give all positive solutions of this Pell equation.

%H Indranil Ghosh, <a href="/A097845/b097845.txt">Table of n, a(n) for n = 0..446</a>

%H Tanya Khovanova, <a href="http://www.tanyakhovanova.com/RecursiveSequences/RecursiveSequences.html">Recursive Sequences</a>

%H Giovanni Lucca, <a href="http://forumgeom.fau.edu/FG2019volume19/FG201902index.html">Integer Sequences and Circle Chains Inside a Hyperbola</a>, Forum Geometricorum (2019) Vol. 19, 11-16.

%H <a href="/index/Ch#Cheby">Index entries for sequences related to Chebyshev polynomials.</a>

%H <a href="/index/Rec#order_02">Index entries for linear recurrences with constant coefficients</a>, signature (171, -1).

%F a(n) = S(n, 171) + S(n-1, 171) = S(2*n, sqrt(173)), with S(n, x) = U(n, x/2) Chebyshev's polynomials of the second kind, A049310. S(-1, x) = 0 = U(-1, x). S(n, 171) = A097844(n).

%F a(n) = (-2/13)*I*((-1)^n)*T(2*n+1, 13*I/2) with the imaginary unit I and Chebyshev's polynomials of the first kind. See the T-triangle A053120.

%F G.f.: (1+x)/(1-171*x+x^2).

%F a(n) = 171*a(n-1) - a(n-2), n>1, a(0)=1, a(1)=172 . - _Philippe Deléham_, Nov 18 2008

%e All positive solutions of Pell equation x^2 - 173*y^2 = -4 are (13 = 13*1,1), (2236 = 13*172,170), (382343 = 13*29411,29069), (65378417 = 13*5029109,4970629), ...

%t LinearRecurrence[{171,-1},{1,172},20] (* _Harvey P. Dale_, Feb 27 2012 *)

%t CoefficientList[Series[(1+x)/(1-171*x+x^2), {x, 0, 20}], x] (* _Stefano Spezia_, Jan 14 2019 *)

%o (PARI) Vec((1+x)/(1-171*x+x^2)+O(x^20)) \\ _Charles R Greathouse IV_, Feb 08 2017

%o (MAGMA) m:=20; R<x>:=PowerSeriesRing(Integers(), m); Coefficients(R!( (1+x)/(1-171*x+x^2) )); // _G. C. Greubel_, Jan 14 2019

%o (Sage) ((1+x)/(1-171*x+x^2)).series(x, 20).coefficients(x, sparse=False) # _G. C. Greubel_, Jan 14 2019

%o (GAP) a:=[1,172];; for n in [3..20] do a[n]:=171*a[n-1]-a[n-2]; od; a; # _G. C. Greubel_, Jan 14 2019

%Y Cf. A049310, A098244.

%K nonn,easy

%O 0,2

%A _Wolfdieter Lang_, Sep 10 2004

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Last modified December 16 00:33 EST 2019. Contains 330013 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)