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A095955 Function f(x)=phi(sigma(x)) is iterated with initial value=n; a(n) is the length of cycle into which the trajectory merges. 22
1, 1, 1, 2, 1, 2, 2, 1, 1, 2, 2, 1, 2, 1, 1, 3, 2, 3, 1, 1, 3, 1, 1, 3, 3, 1, 3, 3, 1, 3, 3, 2, 3, 3, 3, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 1, 2, 1, 3, 3, 3, 3, 2, 2, 2, 3, 2, 3, 2, 3, 2, 2, 3, 3, 2, 3, 2, 2, 2, 3, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 3, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 3, 2, 2, 3, 2, 2, 3, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,4

COMMENTS

Diagnosis of true cycle of length m: a[j-m]=a[j], but a[j-d]=a[j] cases are excluded for d dividing m.

Length 5 is rare. Example: a[6634509269055173050761216000]=5 and the 5-cycle is {6634509269055173050761216000, 7521613519844726223667200000, 7946886558074859593662464000, 7794495412499746337587200000, 7970172471593905204651622400, 6634509269055173050761216000}. The initial values 2^79=604462909807314587353088 and 2^83= 9671406556917033397649408 after more than 250 transient terms reach this cycle.

LINKS

Charles R Greathouse IV, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..10000

Index to sequences related to decomposition of primes in quadratic fields

EXAMPLE

Occurrences of cycle lengths if n<=1000: {C1=110, C2=781, C3=36, C4=67, C5=0, C6=6, C7=0...}.

MATHEMATICA

g[n_] := EulerPhi[ DivisorSigma[1, n]]; f[n_] := f[n] = Block[{lst = NestWhileList[g, n, UnsameQ, All ]}, -Subtract @@ Flatten[ Position[lst, lst[[ -1]]]]]; Table[ f[n], {n, 105}] (* Robert G. Wilson v, Jul 14 2004 *)

PROG

(PARI) f(x)=eulerphi(sigma(x))

a(n)=my(t=f(n), h=f(t), s); while(t!=h, t=f(t); h=f(f(h))); t=f(t); h=f(t); s=1; while(t!=h, s++; t=f(t); h=f(f(h))); s \\ Charles R Greathouse IV, Nov 22 2013

CROSSREFS

Cf. A000010, A000203, A095952, A096887, A095953, A096526, A095954, A096888, A096889, A096890, A095956.

Sequence in context: A265918 A207676 A161175 * A272772 A293431 A078573

Adjacent sequences:  A095952 A095953 A095954 * A095956 A095957 A095958

KEYWORD

nonn

AUTHOR

Labos Elemer, Jul 13 2004

STATUS

approved

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Last modified November 13 20:57 EST 2019. Contains 329106 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)