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A094803 Number of (s(0), s(1), ..., s(2n)) such that 0 < s(i) < 8 and |s(i) - s(i-1)| = 1 for i = 1,2,...,2n, s(0) = 1, s(2n) = 3. 6
1, 3, 9, 28, 90, 296, 988, 3328, 11272, 38304, 130416, 444544, 1516320, 5174144, 17659840, 60282880, 205795456, 702583296, 2398676736, 8189409280, 27960021504, 95460743168, 325921881088, 1112763940864, 3799207806976 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,2

COMMENTS

In general, a(n) = (2/m)*Sum_{r=1..m-1} sin(r*j*Pi/m)*sin(r*k*Pi/m)*(2*cos(r*Pi/m))^(2n)) counts (s(0), s(1), ..., s(2n)) such that 0 < s(i) < m and |s(i) - s(i-1)| = 1 for i = 1,2,...,2n, s(0) = j, s(2n) = k.

Counts all paths of length (2*n+1), n >= 0, starting and ending at the initial node and ending at the nodes 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 on the path graph P_7, see the Maple program. - Johannes W. Meijer, May 29 2010

LINKS

Michael De Vlieger, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..1876

László Németh and László Szalay, Sequences Involving Square Zig-Zag Shapes, J. Int. Seq., Vol. 24 (2021), Article 21.5.2.

Index entries for linear recurrences with constant coefficients, signature (6,-10,4).

FORMULA

a(n) = (1/4)*Sum_{k=1..7} sin(Pi*k/8)*sin(3*Pi*k/8)*(2*cos(Pi*k/8))^(2n).

a(n) = 6*a(n-1) - 10*a(n-2) + 4*a(n-3).

G.f.: -x*(1-3*x+x^2) / ( (2*x-1)*(2*x^2-4*x+1) )

MAPLE

with(GraphTheory): G:=PathGraph(7): A:= AdjacencyMatrix(G): nmax:=25; n2:=2*nmax: for n from 0 to n2 do B(n):=A^n; a(n):=add(B(n)[1, k], k=1..5); od: seq(a(2*n+1), n=0..nmax-1); # Johannes W. Meijer, May 29 2010

MATHEMATICA

f[n_] := FullSimplify[ TrigToExp[(1/4)Sum[ Sin[Pi*k/8]Sin[3Pi*k/8](2Cos[Pi*k/8])^(2n), {k, 1, 7}]]]; Table[ f[n], {n, 25}] (* Robert G. Wilson v, Jun 18 2004 *)

Rest@ CoefficientList[Series[-x (1 - 3 x + x^2)/((2 x - 1)*(2 x^2 - 4 x + 1)), {x, 0, 25}], x] (* Michael De Vlieger, Aug 04 2021 *)

CROSSREFS

Cf. A006012, A030436 and A024175.

Sequence in context: A094790 A007822 A094164 * A094826 A033190 A071724

Adjacent sequences:  A094800 A094801 A094802 * A094804 A094805 A094806

KEYWORD

nonn,easy

AUTHOR

Herbert Kociemba, Jun 11 2004

STATUS

approved

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Last modified January 22 17:46 EST 2022. Contains 350484 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)