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A091049 a(n) = first term which reduces to an unchanging value in n steps via repeated interpretation of a(n) as a base b+1 number where b is the largest digit of a(n). 10
1, 10, 15, 17, 18, 58, 72, 80, 88, 507, 683, 838, 1384, 1807, 3417, 12651, 18316, 41841, 80852, 132815, 388315, 1182482, 2202048, 6408851, 15438855, 34630248, 72141683, 332386516, 764388521, 1867287828, 5451218338, 24187765577, 68380483575, 215445843883, 677083325011 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,2

COMMENTS

There is no maximum number of steps and for any value of n, there MUST be a term a(n) that reduces in n steps. This is demonstrable as follows: take any term in the above sequence and convert it to base 2. The resulting value, if interpreted as a base 10 value will require one additional step to reduce. The resulting value may not be the FIRST value to resolve in that many steps, however, so it may not belong in this sequence.

LINKS

Bert Dobbelaere, Table of n, a(n) for n = 0..100

Bert Dobbelaere, Backtracking program (Python)

C. Seggelin, Interesting Base Conversions.

EXAMPLE

a(0) = 1 because 1 is the first term that reduces to an unchanging value in zero steps (i.e. 1 is already fully reduced.) a(1) = 10 because 10 reduces in one step (10 in base 2 is 2, 2 does not reduce further.) a(8) = 88 because 88 reduces in 8 steps: 88 --> 80 --> 72 --> 58 --> 53 --> 33 --> 15 --> 11 --> 3.

PROG

(Python)

def A091049(n):

....k = 1

....while True:

........m1 = k

........for i in range(n+1):

............m2 = int(str(m1), 1+max([int(d) for d in str(m1)]))

............if m1 == m2:

................if i == n:

....................return k

................else:

....................break

............m1 = m2

........k += 1 # Chai Wah Wu, Jan 07 2015

CROSSREFS

Cf. A054055 (largest digit of n) A068505 (n as base b+1 number where b=largest digit of n) A091047 (a(n) = the final value of n reached through repeated interpretation of n as a base b+1 number where b is the largest digit of n) A091048 (number of times n must be interpreted as a base b+1 number where b is the largest digit of n until an unchanging value is reached).

Sequence in context: A046424 A076226 A122435 * A188579 A269985 A282648

Adjacent sequences:  A091046 A091047 A091048 * A091050 A091051 A091052

KEYWORD

base,nonn

AUTHOR

Chuck Seggelin (barkeep(AT)plastereddragon.com), Dec 15 2003, Jul 09 2008

EXTENSIONS

a(30)-a(31) from Chai Wah Wu, Jan 14 2015

STATUS

approved

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Last modified October 18 20:28 EDT 2019. Contains 328197 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)