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A086930 Smallest b>1 such that in base b representation the n-th prime is a repunit. 2
2, 4, 2, 10, 3, 16, 18, 22, 28, 2, 36, 40, 6, 46, 52, 58, 60, 66, 70, 8, 78, 82, 88, 96, 100, 102, 106, 108, 112, 2, 130, 136, 138, 148, 150, 12, 162, 166, 172, 178, 180, 190, 192, 196, 198, 14, 222, 226, 228, 232, 238, 15, 250, 256, 262, 268, 270, 276, 280, 282 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

2,1

COMMENTS

From Robert G. Wilson v, Mar 26 2014: (Start)

Obviously the first prime number, 2, can never become a repunit since it is even; therefore this sequence has the offset of 2.

Most terms, a(n), are one less than the n-th prime; e.g., for a(8) the eighth prime is 19_10 = 11_18. Therefore a(n) <= Pi(n)-1.

However there are some terms for which a(n) occurs before Pi(n)-1; e.g., for a(14) the fourteenth prime is 43_10 = 111_6.

Those indices, i, are: 4, 6, 11, 14, 21, 31, 37, 47, 53, 63, 82, 90, ..., . Prime(i) = A085104.

In those cases a(n) is a proper divisor of Prime(n)-1.

(End)

LINKS

Robert G. Wilson v, Table of n, a(n) for n = 2..1001

Eric Weisstein's World of Mathematics, Repunit

EXAMPLE

n=6: A000040(6) = 13 = 1*3^2 + 1*3^1 + 1*3^0: ternary(13)='111' and binary(13)='1101', therefore a(6)=3.

MATHEMATICA

f[n_] := Block[{i = 1, d, p = Prime@ n}, d = Rest@ Divisors[p - 1]; While[id = IntegerDigits[p, d[[i]]]; id != Reverse@ id || Union@ id != {1}, i++]; d[[i]]]; Array[f, 60, 2]

CROSSREFS

Cf. A000225, A003462, A002450, A003463, A003464, A023000, A023001, A002452, A002275, A004022, A016123, A016125, A085104.

Sequence in context: A061393 A260361 A055935 * A235798 A099585 A236959

Adjacent sequences:  A086927 A086928 A086929 * A086931 A086932 A086933

KEYWORD

nonn,base

AUTHOR

Reinhard Zumkeller, Sep 21 2003

STATUS

approved

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Last modified April 15 08:18 EDT 2021. Contains 342977 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)