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A086902 a(n) = 7*a(n-1) + a(n-2), starting with a(0) = 2 and a(1) = 7. 20
2, 7, 51, 364, 2599, 18557, 132498, 946043, 6754799, 48229636, 344362251, 2458765393, 17555720002, 125348805407, 894997357851, 6390330310364, 45627309530399, 325781497023157, 2326097788692498, 16608466017870643 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,1

COMMENTS

a(n+1)/a(n) converges to (7+sqrt(53))/2 = 7.14005...

Lim a(n)/a(n+1) as n approaches infinity = 0.1400549... = 2/(7+sqrt(53)) = (sqrt(53)-7)/2.

From Johannes W. Meijer, Jun 12 2010: (Start)

In general sequences with recurrence a(n) = k*a(n-1)+a(n-2) with a(0)=2 and a(1)=k [and a(-1)=0] have generating function (2-k*x)/(1-k*x-x^2). If k is odd (k>=3) they satisfy a(3n+1) = b(5n), a(3n+2)=b(5*n+3), a(3n+3)=2*b(5n+4) where b(n) is the sequence of numerators of continued fraction convergents to sqrt(k^2+4). [If k is even then a(n)/2, for n>=1, is the sequence of numerators of continued fraction convergents to sqrt(k^2/4+1).]

For the sequence given above k=7 which implies that it is associated with A041090.

For a similar statement about sequences with recurrence a(n) = k*a(n-1)+a(n-2) but with a(0)=1 [and a(-1)=0] see A054413; a sequence that is associated with A041091.

For more information follow the Khovanova link and see A087130, A140455 and A178765.

(End)

LINKS

Vincenzo Librandi, Table of n, a(n) for n = 0..1000

Tanya Khovanova, Recursive Sequences

Index entries for recurrences a(n) = k*a(n - 1) +/- a(n - 2)

Index entries for sequences related to Chebyshev polynomials.

Index entries for linear recurrences with constant coefficients, signature (7,1).

FORMULA

a(n) = ((7+sqrt(53))/2)^n + ((7-sqrt(53))/2)^n.

E.g.f. : 2exp(7x/2)cosh(sqrt(53)x/2); a(n)=2^(1-n)sum{k=0..floor(n/2), C(n, 2k)53^k7^(n-2k)}. a(n)=2T(n, 7i/2)(-i)^n with T(n, x) Chebyshev's polynomials of the first kind (see A053120) and i^2=-1. - Paul Barry, Nov 15 2003

G.f.: (2-7x)/(1-7x-x^2). - Philippe Deléham, Nov 16 2008

From Johannes W. Meijer, Jun 12 2010: (Start)

a(2n+1) = 7*A097837(n), a(2n) = A099368(n).

a(3n+1) = A041090(5n), a(3n+2) = A041090(5*n+3), a(3n+3) = 2*A041090(5n+4).

Limit(a(n+k)/a(k), k=infinity) = (A086902(n) + A054413(n-1)*sqrt(53))/2.

Limit(A086902(n)/A054413(n-1), n=infinity) = sqrt(53). (End)

EXAMPLE

a(4) = 7*a(3) + a(2) = 7*364 + 51 = 2599.

MATHEMATICA

RecurrenceTable[{a[0] == 2, a[1] == 7, a[n] == 7 a[n-1] + a[n-2]}, a, {n, 30}] (* Vincenzo Librandi, Sep 19 2016 *)

PROG

(PARI) a(n)=([0, 1; 1, 7]^n*[2; 7])[1, 1] \\ Charles R Greathouse IV, Apr 06 2016

(MAGMA) I:=[2, 7]; [n le 2 select I[n] else 7*Self(n-1)+Self(n-2): n in [1..30]]; // Vincenzo Librandi, Sep 19 2016

CROSSREFS

Cf. A058316.

Cf. A000032 (k=1), A006497 (k=3), A087130 (k=5), A086902 (k=7), A087798 (k=9), A001946 (k=11), A088316 (k=13), A090301 (k=15), A090306 (k=17). -  Johannes W. Meijer, Jun 12 2010

Sequence in context: A186860 A139008 A058721 * A265042 A249754 A224879

Adjacent sequences:  A086899 A086900 A086901 * A086903 A086904 A086905

KEYWORD

nonn,easy

AUTHOR

Nikolay V. Kosinov (kosinov(AT)unitron.com.ua), Sep 18 2003

STATUS

approved

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Last modified September 25 18:20 EDT 2017. Contains 292499 sequences.