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A086855 Number of permutations of length n with exactly 4 rising or falling successions. 3
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 2, 22, 226, 2198, 22120, 236968, 2732268, 33940644, 453148422, 6480322210, 98907371822, 1605581578202, 27631315113916, 502618772515748, 9637245372790760, 194291040277517688, 4109014039030693578, 90968013940830446574, 2104072961763468757082 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,6

COMMENTS

Permutations of 12...n such that exactly 4 of the following occur: 12, 23, ..., (n-1)n, 21, 32, ..., n(n-1).

REFERENCES

F. N. David, M. G. Kendall and D. E. Barton, Symmetric Function and Allied Tables, Cambridge, 1966, p. 263.

LINKS

Alois P. Heinz, Table of n, a(n) for n = 0..200

J. Riordan, A recurrence for permutations without rising or falling successions, Ann. Math. Statist. 36 (1965), 708-710.

FORMULA

Coefficient of t^4 in S[n](t) defined in A002464.

a(n) ~ 2/3*exp(-2) * n!. - Vaclav Kotesovec, Aug 14 2013

MAPLE

S:= proc(n) option remember; `if`(n<4, [1, 1, 2*t, 4*t+2*t^2]

       [n+1], expand((n+1-t)*S(n-1) -(1-t)*(n-2+3*t)*S(n-2)

       -(1-t)^2*(n-5+t)*S(n-3) +(1-t)^3*(n-3)*S(n-4)))

    end:

a:= n-> ceil(coeff(S(n), t, 4)):

seq(a(n), n=0..25);  # Alois P. Heinz, Jan 11 2013

MATHEMATICA

S[n_] := S[n] = If[n<4, {1, 1, 2*t, 4*t+2*t^2}[[n+1]], Expand[(n+1-t)*S[n-1] - (1-t)*(n-2+3*t)*S[n-2] - (1-t)^2*(n-5+t)*S[n-3] + (1-t)^3*(n-3)*S[n-4]]]; a[n_] := Ceiling[Coefficient[S[n], t, 4]]; Table [a[n], {n, 0, 25}] (* Jean-Fran├žois Alcover, Oct 13 2014, after Alois P. Heinz *)

CROSSREFS

Cf. A002464, A000130, A000349, A001267, A086852, A086853. A diagonal of A001100.

Twice A001268.

Sequence in context: A137109 A002276 A112893 * A089182 A138140 A322283

Adjacent sequences:  A086852 A086853 A086854 * A086856 A086857 A086858

KEYWORD

nonn

AUTHOR

N. J. A. Sloane, Aug 19 2003

STATUS

approved

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Last modified January 17 05:26 EST 2019. Contains 319207 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)