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A086853 Number of permutations of length n with exactly 2 rising or falling successions. 8
0, 0, 0, 2, 10, 48, 256, 1670, 12846, 112820, 1108612, 12032154, 142852450, 1840969784, 25587270600, 381460235918, 6071318154166, 102742200205980, 1841978156709676, 34874169034136930, 695294184953602602, 14560120360421802464, 319510983674891800240 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,4

COMMENTS

Permutations of 12...n such that exactly 2 of the following occur: 12, 23, ..., (n-1)n, 21, 32, ..., n(n-1).

REFERENCES

F. N. David, M. G. Kendall and D. E. Barton, Symmetric Function and Allied Tables, Cambridge, 1966, p. 263.

LINKS

Alois P. Heinz, Table of n, a(n) for n = 0..200

J. Riordan, A recurrence for permutations without rising or falling successions, Ann. Math. Statist. 36 (1965), 708-710.

FORMULA

Coefficient of t^2 in S[n](t) defined in A002464.

Conjecture: (-514*n+2465)*a(n) +2*(257*n^2-955*n-1085)*a(n-1) +(-555*n^2+2483*n-1670)*a(n-2) +16*(-17*n^2+73*n-75)*a(n-3) +(354*n^2+528*n-2299)*a(n-4) +2*(-121*n^2+1045*n-1401)*a(n-5) +3*(67*n-115)*(n-4)*a(n-6)=0. - R. J. Mathar, Jun 06 2013

shorter recurrence: (n-3)*(n-2)*(n-4)^3*a(n) = (n-3)*(n^4-9*n^3+23*n^2-4*n-29)*(n-4)*a(n-1) - (n-1)*(n^4-12*n^3+57*n^2-125*n+104)*(n-4)*a(n-2) - (n-2)*(n-1)*(n^4-15*n^3+83*n^2-198*n+169)*a(n-3) + (n-3)^3*(n-2)^2*(n-1)*a(n-4). - Vaclav Kotesovec, Aug 10 2013

a(n) ~ 2*exp(-2) * n!. - Vaclav Kotesovec, Aug 10 2013

MAPLE

S:= proc(n) option remember; `if`(n<4, [1, 1, 2*t, 4*t+2*t^2]

       [n+1], expand((n+1-t)*S(n-1) -(1-t)*(n-2+3*t)*S(n-2)

       -(1-t)^2*(n-5+t)*S(n-3) +(1-t)^3*(n-3)*S(n-4)))

    end:

a:= n-> ceil(coeff(S(n), t, 2)):

seq (a(n), n=0..25);  # Alois P. Heinz, Jan 11 2013

MATHEMATICA

s[n_] := s[n] = If[n<4, {1, 1, 2*t, 4*t+2*t^2}[[n+1]], Expand[(n+1-t)*s[n-1] - (1-t)*(n-2+3*t)*s[n-2] - (1-t)^2*(n-5+t)*s[n-3] + (1-t)^3*(n-3)*s[n-4]]]; t[n_, k_] := Ceiling[Coefficient[s[n], t, k]]; a[n_] := t[n, 2]; Table[a[n], {n, 0, 22}] (* Jean-Fran├žois Alcover, Mar 11 2014, after Alois P. Heinz *)

CROSSREFS

Cf. A002464, A000130, A000349, A001267, A086852, A086854. A diagonal of A001100.

Sequence in context: A065982 A114693 A121950 * A036918 A200540 A166922

Adjacent sequences:  A086850 A086851 A086852 * A086854 A086855 A086856

KEYWORD

nonn

AUTHOR

N. J. A. Sloane, Aug 19 2003

STATUS

approved

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Last modified December 22 16:00 EST 2014. Contains 252364 sequences.