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A086227 a(n) = Sum_{1<=k<=4*n, gcd(k,n)=1} (i^k*tan(k*Pi/(4*n)))/(4*i), where i is the imaginary unit. 2
-1, 2, -2, 2, -4, 4, -4, 6, -4, 6, -8, 6, -8, 8, -8, 8, -12, 10, -8, 16, -12, 12, -16, 10, -12, 18, -16, 14, -16, 16, -16, 24, -16, 16, -24, 18, -20, 24, -16, 20, -32, 22, -24, 24, -24, 24, -32, 28, -20, 32, -24, 26, -36, 24, -32, 40, -28, 30, -32, 30, -32, 48, -32, 24, -48, 34, -32, 48, -32, 36, -48, 36, -36, 40, -40, 48, -48 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

2,2

COMMENTS

This seems to be (-1)^(n+1) times h(-4n^2) = (-1)^(n+1)*A000003(n^2), where h(k) is the class number. Verified for n <= 10^5. - Charles R Greathouse IV, Apr 28 2013

LINKS

Amiram Eldar, Table of n, a(n) for n = 2..10000

Stanley Rabinowitz, Problem 2129, Crux Mathematicorum, Vol. 22, No. 3 (1996), p. 123; Solution to Problem 2129, by G. P. Henderson and Kurt Girstmair, ibid., Vol. 23, No. 4 (1997), pp. 246-249.

FORMULA

a(n) = -A204617(n) if n is even, and A204617(n)/2 if n is odd (Rabinowitz, 1996). - Amiram Eldar, Mar 07 2022

MATHEMATICA

f[p_, e_] := p^(e - 1) * Switch[Mod[p, 4], 2, 1, 1, p - 1, 3, p + 1]; s[n_] := Times @@ f @@@ FactorInteger[n]; a[n_] := If[EvenQ[n], -s[n], s[n]/2]; Array[a, 100, 2] (* Amiram Eldar, Mar 07 2022 *)

PROG

(PARI) a(n)=round(real(1/4/I*sum(k=1, 4*n, (I^k)*tan(Pi/4/n*if(gcd(k, n)-1, 0, k)))))

(PARI) a(n)=round(imag(sum(k=1, 4*n, if(gcd(k, n)==1, I^k*tan(k*Pi/4/n))))/4) \\ Charles R Greathouse IV, Apr 25 2013

(PARI) a(n)=my(s); for(k=1, 2*n, if(gcd(2*k-1, n)==1, s-=(-1)^k*tan((2*k-1)*Pi/4/n))); round(s/4) \\ Charles R Greathouse IV, Apr 25 2013

CROSSREFS

Cf. A000003, A204617.

Sequence in context: A187324 A334207 A323094 * A302402 A079438 A123050

Adjacent sequences:  A086224 A086225 A086226 * A086228 A086229 A086230

KEYWORD

sign

AUTHOR

Benoit Cloitre, Aug 28 2003

EXTENSIONS

Definition corrected by Charles R Greathouse IV, Apr 25 2013

STATUS

approved

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Last modified September 27 18:50 EDT 2022. Contains 357062 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)