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A085639 Ramanujan sum c_n(5). 6
1, -1, -1, 0, 4, 1, -1, 0, 0, -4, -1, 0, -1, 1, -4, 0, -1, 0, -1, 0, 1, 1, -1, 0, -5, 1, 0, 0, -1, 4, -1, 0, 1, 1, -4, 0, -1, 1, 1, 0, -1, -1, -1, 0, 0, 1, -1, 0, 0, 5, 1, 0, -1, 0, -4, 0, 1, 1, -1, 0, -1, 1, 0, 0, -4, -1, -1, 0, 1, 4, -1, 0, -1, 1, 5, 0, 1, -1, -1, 0, 0, 1, -1, 0, -4, 1, 1, 0, -1 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,5

REFERENCES

T. M. Apostol, Introduction to Analytic Number Theory, Springer-Verlag, 1976.

LINKS

Antti Karttunen, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..65537

Tom M. Apostol, Arithmetical properties of generalized Ramanujan sums, Pacific J. Math. 41 (1972), 281-293.

Eckford Cohen, A class of arithmetic functions, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 41 (1955), 939-944.

A. Elashvili, M. Jibladze, and D. Pataraia, Combinatorics of necklaces and "Hermite reciprocity", J. Algebraic Combin. 10 (1999), 173-188.

M. L. Fredman, A symmetry relationship for a class of partitions, J. Combinatorial Theory Ser. A 18 (1975), 199-202.

Emiliano Gagliardo, Le funzioni simmetriche semplici delle radici n-esime primitive dell'unità, Bollettino dell'Unione Matematica Italiana Serie 3, 8(3) (1953), 269-273.

Otto Hölder, Zur Theorie der Kreisteilungsgleichung K_m(x)=0, Prace mat.-fiz. 43 (1936), 13-23.

J. C. Kluyver, Some formulae concerning the integers less than n and prime to n, in: KNAW, Proceedings, 9 I, 1906, Amsterdam, 1906, pp. 408-414; see p. 410.

C. A. Nicol, On restricted partitions and a generalization of the Euler phi number and the Moebius function, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 39(9) (1953), 963-968.

C. A. Nicol and H. S. Vandiver, A von Sterneck arithmetical function and restricted partitions with respect to a modulus, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 40(9) (1954), 825-835.

K. G. Ramanathan, Some applications of Ramanujan's trigonometrical sum C_m(n), Proc. Indian Acad. Sci., Sect. A 20 (1944), 62-69.

Srinivasa Ramanujan, On certain trigonometric sums and their applications in the theory of numbers, Trans. Camb. Phil. Soc. 22 (1918), 259-276.

M. V. Subbarao, The Brauer-Rademacher identity, Amer. Math. Monthly 72 (1965), 135-138.

Peter H. van der Kamp, On the Fourier transform of the greatest common divisor, Integers 13 (2013), #A24. [See Section 3 for historical remarks.]

Wikipedia, Ramanujan's sum.

Aurel Wintner, On a statistics of the Ramanujan sums, Amer. J. Math., 64(1) (1942), 106-114.

FORMULA

a(n) = phi(n)*mu(n/gcd(n, 5)) / phi(n/gcd(n, 5)).

Dirichlet g.f.: (1+5^(1-s))/zeta(s). - R. J. Mathar, Mar 26 2011

Lambert series and a consequence: Sum_{n >= 1} c_n(5) * z^n / (1 - z^n) = z + 5*z^5 and -Sum_{n >= 1} (c_n(5) / n) * log(1 - z^n) = z + z^5 for |z| < 1 (using the principal value of the logarithm). - Petros Hadjicostas, Aug 24 2019

MATHEMATICA

a[n_] := EulerPhi[n] * MoebiusMu[n/GCD[n, 5]] / EulerPhi[n/GCD[n, 5]]; Table[ a[n], {n, 1, 105}]

PROG

(PARI) a(n)=eulerphi(n)*moebius(n/gcd(n, 5))/eulerphi(n/gcd(n, 5))

CROSSREFS

Cf. A054532, A054533, A054534, A054535, A085384, A085906, A085097, A086831.

Sequence in context: A130636 A299354 A117414 * A158972 A278987 A135302

Adjacent sequences:  A085636 A085637 A085638 * A085640 A085641 A085642

KEYWORD

sign,mult

AUTHOR

Yuval Dekel (dekelyuval(AT)hotmail.com), Aug 15 2003

EXTENSIONS

More terms from Robert G. Wilson v and Benoit Cloitre, Aug 17 2003

STATUS

approved

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Last modified September 24 14:00 EDT 2020. Contains 337321 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)