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A081358 E.g.f.: log((1+x) / (1-x)) / (2*(1-x)). 12
0, 1, 2, 8, 32, 184, 1104, 8448, 67584, 648576, 6485760, 74972160, 899665920, 12174658560, 170445219840, 2643856588800, 42301705420800, 740051782041600, 13320932076748800, 259500083163955200, 5190001663279104000, 111422936937037824000, 2451304612614832128000 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,3

COMMENTS

Number of cycles of odd cardinality in all permutations of [n]. Example: a(3)=8 because among (1)(2)(3), (1)(23), (12)(3), (13)(2), (132), (123) we have eight cycles of odd length. - Emeric Deutsch, Aug 12 2004

a(n) is a function of the harmonic numbers. a(n) = n!*h(n) - n!/2 * h(floor(n/2)), where h(n) = Sum_{k=1..n} 1/k. - Gary Detlefs, Aug 06 2010

REFERENCES

I. P. Goulden and D. M. Jackson, Combinatorial Enumeration, Wiley, N.Y., 1983, Exercise 3.3.13

LINKS

N. J. A. Sloane, Table of n, a(n) for n = 0..30

B. A. Kuperschmidt, ... And free lunch for all.

B. A. Kuperschmidt, Journal of Nonlinear Mathematical Physics 2000 v. 7 no. 2, A Review of Bruce C. Berndt's Ramanujan's Notebooks parts I-V

FORMULA

E.g.f.: log((1+x) / (1-x)) / (2*(1-x)).

a(n) = n! * Sum_{k=0..n, k odd} 1/k.

a(n) = n!/2*(Psi(ceiling(n/2)+1/2)+gamma+2*log(2)). - Vladeta Jovovic, Oct 20 2003

a(n) = n!*Sum_{k=1..n} (-1)^(k+1)*2^(k-1)*binomial(n, k)/k. - Vladeta Jovovic, Aug 12 2005

a(n) = n*a(n-1) + ((-1)^(n+1)+1)/2*(n-1)!. - Gary Detlefs, Aug 06 2010

a(n) = A000254(n) - A092691(n). - Gary Detlefs, Aug 06 2010

a(n) ~ n!/2 * (log(n) + gamma + log(2)), where gamma is the Euler-Mascheroni constant (A001620). - Vaclav Kotesovec, Oct 05 2013

a(2*n + 1) = A049034(n).

E.g.f.: arctanh(x)/(1 - x). - Ilya Gutkovskiy, Dec 19 2017

EXAMPLE

G.f. = x + 2*x^2 + 8*x^3 + 32*x^4 + 184*x^5 + 1104*x^6 + 8448*x^7 + ...

MATHEMATICA

nn = 20; Range[0, nn]! CoefficientList[

  D[Series[(1 - x^2)^(-1/2) ((1 + x)/(1 - x))^(y/2), {x, 0, nn}], y] /. y -> 1, x]  (* Geoffrey Critzer, Aug 27 2012 *)

a[ n_] := If[ n < 0, 0, n! Sum[ 1/k, {k, 1, n, 2}]]; (* Michael Somos, Jan 06 2015 *)

a[ n_] := If[ n < 0, 0, n! SeriesCoefficient[ Log[ (1 + x) / (1 - x)] / (2 (1 - x)), {x, 0, n}]]; (* Michael Somos, Jan 06 2015 *)

PROG

(PARI) {a(n) = if( n<1, 0, n! * polcoeff( log(1 + 2 / (-1 + 1 / (x + x * O(x^n)))) / (2 * (1-x)), n))};

(PARI) {a(n) = if( n<0, 0, n! * sum(k=1, n, (k%2)/k))}; /* Michael Somos, Sep 19 2006 */

(PARI) first(n) = x='x+O('x^n); Vec(serlaplace(atanh(x)/(1 - x)), -n) \\ Iain Fox, Dec 19 2017

CROSSREFS

Cf. A000254, A001640, A049034, A092691, A151884.

Sequence in context: A081561 A009753 A141202 * A294506 A206303 A048855

Adjacent sequences:  A081355 A081356 A081357 * A081359 A081360 A081361

KEYWORD

nonn

AUTHOR

Michael Somos, Mar 18 2003

STATUS

approved

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Last modified March 23 05:36 EDT 2019. Contains 321422 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)