Numbers such that A078134(n)=0.
"Numbers which cannot be written as sum of squares > 1" is equivalent to "Numbers which cannot be written as sum of squares of primes." Equivalently, numbers which can be written as the sum of nonzero squares can also be written as sum of the squares of primes." cf. A090677 = number of ways to partition n into sums of squares of primes. - Jonathan Vos Post, Sep 20 2006
The sequence is finite with a(12)=23 as last member. Proof: When k=a^2+b^2+..., k+4 = 2^2+a^2+b^2+... If k can be written as sum of the squares of primes, k+4 also has this property. As 24,25,26,27 have the property, by induction, all numbers > 23 can be written as sum of squares>1. - Fung Cheok Yin (cheokyin_restart(AT)yahoo.com.hk), Apr 07 2007
Also, numbers which cannot be written as sum of squares of 2 and 3 (see A078137 for the proof). Explicit representation as sum of squares of primes, or rather of squares of 2 and 3, for numbers m>23: we have m=c*2^2+d*3^2, where c:=((floor(m/4) - 2*(m mod 4))>=0, d:=m mod 4. For that, the finiteness of the sequence is proved constructively. - Hieronymus Fischer, Nov 11 2007
A033183(a(n)) = 0. [From Reinhard Zumkeller, Nov 07 2009]