login
This site is supported by donations to The OEIS Foundation.

 

Logo


Hints
(Greetings from The On-Line Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences!)
A074206 Kalmár's [Kalmar's] problem: number of ordered factorizations of n. 35
0, 1, 1, 1, 2, 1, 3, 1, 4, 2, 3, 1, 8, 1, 3, 3, 8, 1, 8, 1, 8, 3, 3, 1, 20, 2, 3, 4, 8, 1, 13, 1, 16, 3, 3, 3, 26, 1, 3, 3, 20, 1, 13, 1, 8, 8, 3, 1, 48, 2, 8, 3, 8, 1, 20, 3, 20, 3, 3, 1, 44, 1, 3, 8, 32, 3, 13, 1, 8, 3, 13, 1, 76, 1, 3, 8, 8, 3, 13, 1, 48, 8, 3, 1, 44, 3, 3, 3, 20, 1, 44, 3, 8, 3, 3, 3, 112 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,5

COMMENTS

a(0)=0, a(1)=1; thereafter a(n) is the number of ordered factorizations of n as a product of integers greater than 1.

Kalmár (1931) seems to be the earliest reference that mentions this sequence (as opposed to A002033). - N. J. A. Sloane, May 05 2016

a(n) is the permanent of the n-1 X n-1 matrix A with (i,j) entry = 1 if j|i+1 and = 0 otherwise. This is because ordered factorizations correspond to nonzero elementary products in the permanent. For example, with n=6, 3*2 -> 1,3,6 [partial products] -> 6,3,1 [reverse list] -> (6,3)(3,1) [partition into pairs with offset 1] -> (5,3)(2,1) [decrement first entry] -> (5,3)(2,1)(1,2)(3,4)(4,5) [append pairs (i,i+1) to get a permutation] -> elementary product A(1,2)A(2,1)A(3,4)A(4,5)A(5,3). - David Callan, Oct 19 2005

This sequence is important in describing the amount of energy in all wave structures in the Universe according to harmonics theory. - Ray Tomes (ray(AT)tomes.biz), Jul 22 2007

a(n) appears to be the number of permutation matrices contributing to the Moebius function. See A008683 for more information. Also a(n) appears to be the Moebius transform of A067824. Furthermore it appears that except for the first term a(n)=A067824(n)*(1/2). Are there other sequences such that when the Moebius transform is applied, the new sequence is also a constant factor times the starting sequence? - Mats Granvik, Jan 01 2009

Numbers divisible by n distinct primes appear to have ordered factorization values that can be found in an n-dimensional summatory Pascal triangle. For example, the ordered factorization values for numbers divisible by two distinct primes can be found in table A059576. - Mats Granvik, Sep 06 2009

Inverse Mobius transform of A174725 and also except for the first term, inverse Mobius transform of A174726. - Mats Granvik, Mar 28 2010

a(n) is a lower bound on the worst-case number of solutions to the probed partial digest problem for n fragments of DNA; see the Newberg & Naor reference, below. - Lee A. Newberg, Aug 02 2011

All integers greater than 1 are perfect numbers over this sequence (for definition of A-perfect numbers, see comment to A175522). - Vladimir Shevelev, Aug 03 2011

If n is squarefree, then a(n) = A000670(A001221(n)) = A000670(A001222(n)). - Vladimir Shevelev and Franklin T. Adams-Watters, Aug 05 2011

A034776 lists the values taken by this sequence. - Robert G. Wilson v, Jun 02 2012

REFERENCES

L. Comtet, Advanced Combinatorics, Reidel, 1974, p. 126, see #27.

R. Honsberger, Mathematical Gems III, M.A.A., 1985, p. 141.

Kalmár, Laszlo, A "factorisatio numerorum" problemajarol [Hungarian], Matemat. Fizik. Lapok, 38 (1931), 1-15.

J. Riordan, An Introduction to Combinatorial Analysis, Wiley, 1958, p. 124.

LINKS

T. D. Noe and N. J. A. Sloane, Table of n, a(n) for n = 0..20000, May 05 2016 [First 10000 terms from T. D. Noe]

Peter Brown, Number of Ordered Factorizations

Peter Brown, Number of Ordered Factorizations

Benny Chor, Paul Lemke, Ziv Mador, On the number of ordered factorizations of natural numbers, Discrete Math. 214 (2000), no. 1-3, 123--133. MR1743631 (2000m:11093).

E. Hille, A problem in factorisatio numerorum, Acta Arith., 2 (1936), 134-144.

E. Hille, The inversion problem of Möbius, Duke Math. J., 3 (1937), 549-568.

Shikao Ikehara, On Kalmar's Problem in "Factorisatio Numerorum", Proceedings of the Physico-Mathematical Society of Japan. 3rd Series, Vol. 21 (1939) pp. 208-219.

Shikao Ikehara, On Kalmar's Problem in "Factorisatio Numerorum" II, Proceedings of the Physico-Mathematical Society of Japan. 3rd Series, Vol. 23 (1941) pp. 767-774.

Laszlo Kalmár, Über die mittlere Anzahl der Produktdarstellungen der Zahlen. (Erste Mitteilung), Acta Litt. ac Scient. Szeged 5 (1931): 95-107.

M. Klazar and F. Luca, On the maximal order of numbers in the "factorisatio numerorum" problem, arXiv:math/0505352 [math.NT], 2005-2006.

Arnold Knopfmacher & Michael Mays, Ordered and Unordered Factorization of Integers, The Mathematica Journal, Volume 10, Issue 1 p. 72.

Augustine O. Munagi, Labeled factorization of integers, INTEGERS: The Electronic Journal of Conminatorics 16:1 (2009), #R50.

L. A. Newberg & D. Naor, A lower bound on the number of solutions to the probed partial digest problem, Advances in Applied Mathematics, 14(2), 1993, 172-183. doi: 10.1006/aama.1993.1009

Ray Tomes, The Maths and Physics of the Harmonics Theory

Eric Weisstein's World of Mathematics, Perfect Partition

Eric Weisstein's World of Mathematics, Ordered Factorization

David W. Wilson, Comments on A074206 and related sequences

David W. Wilson, Perl program for A074206

Index entries for "core" sequences

FORMULA

With different offset: a(n) = sum of all a(i) such that i divides n and i < n. - Clark Kimberling

a(p^k) = 2^(k-1) if k>0 and p is a prime.

Dirichlet g.f.: 1/(2-zeta(s)). - Herbert S. Wilf, Apr 29 2003

a(n) = A067824(n)/2 for n>1; a(A122408(n)) = A122408(n)/2. - Reinhard Zumkeller, Sep 03 2006

If p,q,r,... are distinct primes, then a(p*q)=3, a(p^2*q)=8, a(p*q*r)=13, a(p^3*q)=20, etc. - Vladimir Shevelev, Aug 03 2011 [corrected by Charles R Greathouse IV, Jun 02 2012]

a(0) = 0, a(1) = 1; a(n) = [x^n] Sum_{k=1..n-1} a(k)*x^k/(1 - x^k). - Ilya Gutkovskiy, Dec 11 2017

EXAMPLE

G.f. = x + x^2 + x^3 + 2*x^4 + x^5 + 3*x^6 + x^7 + 4*x^8 + 2*x^9 + 3*x^10 + ...

Number of ordered factorizations of 8 is 4: 8 = 2*4 = 4*2 = 2*2*2.

MAPLE

a := array(1..150): for k from 1 to 150 do a[k] := 0 od: a[1] := 1: for j from 2 to 150 do for m from 1 to j-1 do if j mod m = 0 then a[j] := a[j]+a[m] fi: od: od: for k from 1 to 150 do printf(`%d, `, a[k]) od: # James A. Sellers, Dec 07 2000

MATHEMATICA

a[0] = 1; a[1] = 1; a[n_] := a[n] = a /@ Most[Divisors[n]] // Total; a /@ Range[20000] (* N. J. A. Sloane, May 04 2016, based on program in A002033 *)

PROG

(Haskell)

a074206 n | n <= 1 = n

| otherwise = 1 + (sum $ map (a074206 . (div n)) $

tail $ a027751_row n)

-- Reinhard Zumkeller, Oct 01 2012

(PARI) A=vector(100); A[1]=1; for(n=2, #A, A[n]=1+sumdiv(n, d, A[d])); A/=2; A[1]=1; concat(0, A) \\ Charles R Greathouse IV, Nov 20 2012

(Sage)

@cached_function

def minus_mu(n):

if n < 2 : return n

return sum(minus_mu(d) for d in divisors(n)[:-1])

# Note that changing the sign of the sum gives the Möbius function A008683.

print [minus_mu(n) for n in (0..96)] # Peter Luschny, Dec 26 2016

(PARI) {a(n) = if( n<2, n>0, my(A = divisors(n)); sum(k=1, #A-1, a(A[k])))}; /* Michael Somos, Dec 26 2016 */

CROSSREFS

Apart from initial term, same as A002033.

a(A002110) = A000670, row sums of A251683.

A173382 (and A025523) gives partial sums.

Cf. A001055, A008683, A050324, A027751, A001221, A001222, A034776.

Sequence in context: A296119 A118314 A002033 * A173801 A108466 A211110

Adjacent sequences:  A074203 A074204 A074205 * A074207 A074208 A074209

KEYWORD

nonn,core,easy,nice

AUTHOR

N. J. A. Sloane, Apr 29 2003

EXTENSIONS

Originally this sequence was merged with A002033, the number of perfect partitions. Herbert S. Wilf suggested that it warrants an entry of its own.

STATUS

approved

Lookup | Welcome | Wiki | Register | Music | Plot 2 | Demos | Index | Browse | More | WebCam
Contribute new seq. or comment | Format | Style Sheet | Transforms | Superseeker | Recent | More pages
The OEIS Community | Maintained by The OEIS Foundation Inc.

License Agreements, Terms of Use, Privacy Policy .

Last modified January 20 10:38 EST 2018. Contains 297960 sequences.