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A074063 a(n) is the number of essentially different ways in which the integers 1,2,3,...,n can be arranged in a sequence such that (1) adjacent integers sum to a prime number and (2) squares of adjacent numbers sum to a prime number. Rotations and reversals are counted only once. 0
1, 1, 1, 1, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 3, 1, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 2, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,10

COMMENTS

The first 51 terms are given.  a(n) > 0 for n=52, 53, and 56, and a(n) = 0 for n=54, 55, and 57.  It is known that a(n) > 0 for 58 <= n <= 200. It is conjectured that a(n) > 0 for all n > 57. A greedy algorithm can be used to quickly find a solution for many n. See the link to puzzle 189 for more details. The Mathematica program uses a backtracking algorithm to count the arrangements. To print the unique arrangements, remove the comments from around the print statement.

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=1..51.

Carlos Rivera, Puzzle 189: Squares and primes in a row

EXAMPLE

a(4)=1 because there is essentially one arrangement: {3,2,1,4}.

MATHEMATICA

nMax=12; $RecursionLimit=500; try[lev_] := Module[{t, j, circular}, If[lev>n, circular=PrimeQ[soln[[1]]^2+soln[[n]]^2]&&PrimeQ[soln[[1]]+soln[[n]]]; If[(!circular&&soln[[1]]<soln[[n]])||(circular&&soln[[1]]==1&&soln[[2]]<=soln[[n]]), (*Print[soln]; *)cnt++ ], (*else append another number to the soln list*) t=soln[[lev-1]]; For[j=1, j<=Length[s[[t]]], j++, If[ !MemberQ[soln, s[[t]][[j]]], soln[[lev]]=s[[t]][[j]]; try[lev+1]; soln[[lev]]=0]]]]; For[lst={1}; n=2, n<=nMax, n++, s=Table[{}, {n}]; For[i=1, i<=n, i++, For[j=1, j<=n, j++, If[i!=j&&PrimeQ[i^2+j^2]&&PrimeQ[i+j], AppendTo[s[[i]], j]]]]; soln=Table[0, {n}]; For[cnt=0; i=1, i<=n, i++, soln[[1]]=i; try[2]]; AppendTo[lst, cnt]]; lst

CROSSREFS

Cf. A073451, A073452.

Sequence in context: A233293 A066746 A278105 * A115717 A115718 A204181

Adjacent sequences:  A074060 A074061 A074062 * A074064 A074065 A074066

KEYWORD

hard,more,nice,nonn

AUTHOR

T. D. Noe, Aug 17 2002

STATUS

approved

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Last modified March 26 20:37 EDT 2019. Contains 321534 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)