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A072507 Start of n consecutive integers with n divisors, or 0 if no such number exists. 1
1, 2, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,2

COMMENTS

a(3) = 0 because only perfect prime squares have three divisors.

Comments from T. D. Noe: "Note that a(n)=0 for odd n > 1 because a number has an odd number of divisors only if it is a square and there are no consecutive positive squares. Also, a(4)=0 because one of four consecutive numbers would be a multiple of 4 and have 4 divisors only if it is 8.

"Similarly, a(6)=0 because one of six consecutive number would be a multiple of 6 and the only multiples of 6 having 6 divisors are 12 and 18. For a(8), one of the eight consecutive numbers must be an odd multiple of 4, which cannot have 8 divisors. Interestingly, the 7 consecutive numbers starting at 171893 have 8 divisors.

"Similarly, for a(10), one of the ten consecutive numbers must be an odd multiple of 4, which would have 3x divisors. It is also easy to verify that a(n)=0 for n=14,16,20,22,26,28,32,34,... It seems likely that a(n)=0 for n>2."

This sequence is zero for all but finitely many n. If k = floor(log_2(n)), there must be at least one term exactly divisible by 2^j for any j < k; hence the number of divisors must be divisible by j+1, or more generally by lcm_{i<=k} i. The only values of n divisible by this lcm are 1,2,3,4,6,12,24,60 and 120. For example, for n=30, there must be an element divisible by exactly 8, so its number of divisors is divisible by 4. For n = 60, there must by two numbers 8k and 8(k+2) with k odd; then k and k+2 must each have 15 divisors, making them squares. Together with the comments from T. D. Noe, this leaves only 12, 24 and 120 as open questions. - Franklin T. Adams-Watters, Jul 14 2006

REFERENCES

R. K. Guy, Unsolved Problems in Theory of Numbers, Springer-Verlag, Third Edition, 2004, B12.

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=1..11.

EXAMPLE

a(2) = 2 as 2 and 3 are the first (by chance the only) set of two consecutive integers with two divisors.

CROSSREFS

Cf. A000005 (number of divisors of n).

Cf. A006558 (start of first run of n consecutive integers with same number of divisors).

Cf. A119479.

Sequence in context: A083919 A063665 A276306 * A130779 A130706 A000038

Adjacent sequences:  A072504 A072505 A072506 * A072508 A072509 A072510

KEYWORD

more,nonn

AUTHOR

Amarnath Murthy, Jul 22 2002

EXTENSIONS

More terms from T. D. Noe, Dec 04 2004

STATUS

approved

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Last modified June 29 01:46 EDT 2017. Contains 288856 sequences.