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A071100 Expansion of (5 + 3*x + x^2 - x^3) / (1 - 2*x - 2*x^2 - 2*x^3 + x^4) in powers of x. 4
5, 13, 37, 109, 313, 905, 2617, 7561, 21853, 63157, 182525, 527509, 1524529, 4405969, 12733489, 36800465, 106355317, 307372573, 888323221, 2567301757, 7419639785, 21443156953, 61971873769, 179102039257, 517614500173, 1495933669445, 4323328543981 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,1

COMMENTS

Number of tilings of the 0-mod-4 pillow of order n is a perfect square times a(n). [Propp, 1999, p. 271]

REFERENCES

J. Propp, Enumeration of matchings: problems and progress, pp. 255-291 in L. J. Billera et al., eds, New Perspectives in Algebraic Combinatorics, Cambridge, 1999 (see Problem 12).

LINKS

A.H.M. Smeets, Table of n, a(n) for n = 0..2169

J. Propp, Updated article

J. Propp, Enumeration of matchings: problems and progress, in L. J. Billera et al. (eds.), New Perspectives in Algebraic Combinatorics

Index entries for linear recurrences with constant coefficients, signature (2,2,2,-1).

FORMULA

G.f.: (5 + 3*x + x^2 -x^3) / (1 - 2*x - 2*x^2 - 2*x^3 + x^4).

a(-n) = a(-5 + n). a(-1) = a(-2) = 1. a(n) = 2*a(n-1) + 2*a(n-2) + 2*a(n-3) - a(n-4). - Michael Somos, Dec 15 2011

A112835(2*n + 2) = a(n).

Lim_{n -> inf} a(n)/a(n-1) = A318605. - A.H.M. Smeets, Sep 12 2018

EXAMPLE

G.f. = 5 + 13*x + 37*x^2 + 109*x^3 + 313*x^4 + 905*x^5 + 2617*x^6 + 7561*x^7 + ...

MAPLE

seq(coeff(series((5+3*x+x^2-x^3)/(1-2*x-2*x^2-2*x^3+x^4), x, n+1), x, n), n = 0 .. 30); # Muniru A Asiru, Sep 12 2018

MATHEMATICA

CoefficientList[Series[(5 + 3*x + x^2 -x^3)/(1 - 2*x - 2*x^2 - 2*x^3 + x^4), {x, 0, 50}], x] (* Stefano Spezia, Sep 12 2018 *)

PROG

(PARI) {a(n) = my(m = n+2); if( m < 0, m = -1 - m); polcoeff( (1 - x + x^2 - x^3) / (1 - 2*x - 2*x^2 - 2*x^3 + x^4) + x * O(x^m), m)}; /* Michael Somos, Dec 15 2011 */

(PARI) x='x+O('x^33); Vec((5+3*x+x^2-x^3)/(1-2*x-2*x^2-2*x^3+x^4)) \\ Altug Alkan, Sep 12 2018

(GAP) a:=[5, 13, 37, 109];; for n in [5..30] do a[n]:=2*a[n-1]+2*a[n-2]+2*a[n-3]-a[n-4]; od; a; # Muniru A Asiru, Sep 12 2018

CROSSREFS

Cf. A112835.

Sequence in context: A193642 A220709 A182312 * A199108 A125734 A146925

Adjacent sequences:  A071097 A071098 A071099 * A071101 A071102 A071103

KEYWORD

nonn,easy

AUTHOR

N. J. A. Sloane, May 28 2002

STATUS

approved

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Last modified March 29 20:20 EDT 2020. Contains 333117 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)