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A070079 a(n) gives the odd leg of the unique primitive Pythagorean triangle with hypotenuse A002144(n). 14
3, 5, 15, 21, 35, 9, 45, 11, 55, 39, 65, 99, 91, 15, 105, 51, 85, 165, 19, 95, 195, 221, 105, 209, 255, 69, 115, 231, 285, 25, 75, 175, 299, 225, 275, 189, 325, 399, 391, 29, 145, 351, 425, 261, 459, 279, 341, 165, 231, 575, 465, 551, 35, 105, 609, 315, 589, 385, 675 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,1

COMMENTS

Consider sequence A002144 of primes congruent to 1 (mod 4) and equal to x^2 + y^2, with y>x given by A002330 and A002331; sequence gives values y^2 - x^2.

Odd legs of primitive Pythagorean triangles with unique (prime) hypotenuse (A002144), sorted on the latter. Corresponding even legs are given by 4*A070151 (or A145046). - Lekraj Beedassy, Jul 22 2005

LINKS

T. D. Noe, Table of n, a(n) for n=1..1000

FORMULA

a(n)=A079886(n)*A079887(n) - Benoit Cloitre, Jan 13 2003

a(n) is the odd positive integer with A080109(n) = A002144(n)^2 = a(n)^2 + (4*A070151(n))^2, in this unique decomposition into positive squares (up to order). See the Lekraj Beedassy, comment. - Wolfdieter Lang, Jan 13 2015

EXAMPLE

The following table shows the relationship

between several closely related sequences:

Here p = A002144 = primes == 1 mod 4, p = a^2+b^2 with a < b;

a = A002331, b = A002330, t_1 = ab/2 = A070151;

p^2 = c^2+d^2 with c < d; c = A002366, d = A002365,

t_2 = 2ab = A145046, t_3 = b^2-a^2 = A070079,

with {c,d} = {t_2, t_3}, t_4 = cd/2 = ab(b^2-a^2).

---------------------------------

.p..a..b..t_1..c...d.t_2.t_3..t_4

---------------------------------

.5..1..2...1...3...4...4...3....6

13..2..3...3...5..12..12...5...30

17..1..4...2...8..15...8..15...60

29..2..5...5..20..21..20..21..210

37..1..6...3..12..35..12..35..210

41..4..5..10...9..40..40...9..180

53..2..7...7..28..45..28..45..630

.................................

MATHEMATICA

pp = Select[ Range[200] // Prime, Mod[#, 4] == 1 &]; f[p_] := y^2 - x^2 /. ToRules[ Reduce[0 <= x <= y && p == x^2 + y^2, {x, y}, Integers]]; A070079 = f /@ pp (* Jean-Fran├žois Alcover, Jan 15 2015 *)

CROSSREFS

Cf. A002144, A002330, A002331, A080109, A070151

Sequence in context: A165260 A201874 A059528 * A142717 A057742 A201433

Adjacent sequences:  A070076 A070077 A070078 * A070080 A070081 A070082

KEYWORD

easy,nonn

AUTHOR

Lekraj Beedassy, May 06 2002

EXTENSIONS

More terms from Benoit Cloitre, Jan 13 2003

Edited: Used a different name and moved old name to the comment section. - Wolfdieter Lang, Jan 13 2015

STATUS

approved

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Last modified September 24 22:31 EDT 2017. Contains 292441 sequences.