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A064943 Number of integers with 2*n digits that are the sum of the squares of their halves (leading zeros count; 1 does not, to avoid the ambiguity 1 = 0^2 + 1^2 = 00^2 + 01^2 = 000^2 + 001^2 = ...). 2
0, 2, 2, 2, 6, 6, 14, 30, 6, 14, 14, 6, 6, 14, 126, 14, 14, 62, 6, 14, 126, 14, 14, 510, 126, 14, 62, 30, 30, 62, 6, 6, 254, 14, 2046, 30, 126, 62, 126, 510, 6, 254, 6, 14, 2046, 14, 14, 254, 30, 254, 2046, 254, 30, 254, 4094, 510, 2046, 126, 6, 254, 30, 126, 2046, 14 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,2

COMMENTS

Is there any n > 1 with a(n) = 0? This is equivalent to the question of whether there is any prime of the form 10^(2*n)+1 other than 10^(2*1)+1 = 101. If such a prime exists, n must be a power of 2. Up to now no such prime is known.

68 is the smallest n where a(n) is not a power of two minus 2 (a(68)=22) since (10^136)+1 is the smallest integer among the 10^(2*n)+1 which is not squarefree (10^136+1 = 17^2 * P7 * P11 * P117, so tau(10^136+1) = 24).

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=1..64.

Cunningham project factorization tables of 10^k+1

FORMULA

a(n) = tau(10^(2*n)+1) - 2.

EXAMPLE

a(5) = 6 because 1765038125 = 17650^2 + 38125^2, 2584043776 = 25840^2+43776^2, 7416043776 = 74160^2+43776^2, 8235038125 = 82350^2+38125^2, 9901009901 = 99010^2+09901^2, 99009901 = 00990^2+09901^2 (the last one counts as a 10-digit number). Alternatively: a(5) = tau(10^(2*5)+1) - 2 = tau(101*3541*27961) - 2 = 8 - 2 = 6.

CROSSREFS

Cf. A064942 and A002654 for the derivation of the formula.

Sequence in context: A211512 A139552 A292140 * A081478 A105341 A194676

Adjacent sequences:  A064940 A064941 A064942 * A064944 A064945 A064946

KEYWORD

nonn,base

AUTHOR

Ulrich Schimke (ulrschimke(AT)aol.com)

STATUS

approved

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Last modified December 14 12:04 EST 2019. Contains 329979 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)