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 A064216 Replace each p^e with prevprime(p)^e in the prime factorization of odd numbers; inverse of sequence A048673 considered as a permutation of the natural numbers. 105
 1, 2, 3, 5, 4, 7, 11, 6, 13, 17, 10, 19, 9, 8, 23, 29, 14, 15, 31, 22, 37, 41, 12, 43, 25, 26, 47, 21, 34, 53, 59, 20, 33, 61, 38, 67, 71, 18, 35, 73, 16, 79, 39, 46, 83, 55, 58, 51, 89, 28, 97, 101, 30, 103, 107, 62, 109, 57, 44, 65, 49, 74, 27, 113, 82, 127, 85, 24, 131 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
 OFFSET 1,2 COMMENTS a((A003961(n) + 1) / 2) = n and A003961(a(n)) = 2*n - 1 for all n. If the sequence is indexed by odd numbers only, it becomes multiplicative. In this variant sequence, denoted b, even indices don't exist, and we get b(1) = a(1) = 1, b(3) = a(2) = 2, b(5) = 3, b(7) = 5, b(9) = 4 = b(3) * b(3), ... , b(15) = 6 = b(3) * b(5), and so on. This property can also be stated as: a(x) * a(y) = a(((2x - 1) * (2y - 1) + 1) / 2) for x, y > 0. - Reinhard Zumkeller [re-expressed by Peter Munn, May 23 2020] Not multiplicative in usual sense - but letting m=2n-1=product_j (p_j)^(e_j) then a(n)=a((m+1)/2)=product_j (p_(j-1))^(e_j). - Henry Bottomley, Apr 15 2005 From Antti Karttunen, Jul 25 2016: (Start) Several permutations that use prime shift operation A064989 in their definition yield a permutation obtained from their odd bisection when composed with this permutation from the right. For example, we have: A243505(n) = A122111(a(n)). A243065(n) = A241909(a(n)). A244153(n) = A156552(a(n)). A245611(n) = A243071(a(n)). (End) LINKS Carl R. White, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..10000 FORMULA a(n) = A064989(2n - 1). - Antti Karttunen, May 12 2014 EXAMPLE For n=11, the 11th odd number is 2*11 - 1 = 21 = 3^1 * 7^1. Replacing the primes 3 and 7 with the previous primes 2 and 5 gives 2^1 * 5^1 = 10, so a(11) = 10. - Michael B. Porter, Jul 25 2016 MATHEMATICA Table[Times @@ Power[If[# == 1, 1, NextPrime[#, -1]] & /@ First@ #, Last@ #] &@ Transpose@ FactorInteger[2 n - 1], {n, 69}] (* Michael De Vlieger, Dec 18 2014, revised Mar 17 2016 *) PROG (Scheme) (define (A064216 n) (A064989 (- (+ n n) 1))) ;; Antti Karttunen, May 12 2014 (PARI) a(n) = {my(f = factor(2*n-1)); for (k=1, #f~, f[k, 1] = precprime(f[k, 1]-1)); factorback(f); } \\ Michel Marcus, Mar 17 2016 (Python) from sympy import factorint, prevprime from operator import mul def a(n):     f=factorint(2*n - 1)     return 1 if n==1 else reduce(mul, [prevprime(i)**f[i] for i in f]) # Indranil Ghosh, May 13 2017 CROSSREFS Odd bisection of A064989 and A252463. Row 1 of A251721, Row 2 of A249821. Cf. A048673 (inverse permutation), A048674 (fixed points). Cf. A246361 (numbers n such that a(n) <= n.) Cf. A246362 (numbers n such that a(n) > n.) Cf. A246371 (numbers n such that a(n) < n.) Cf. A246372 (numbers n such that a(n) >= n.) Cf. A246373 (primes p such that a(p) >= p.) Cf. A246374 (primes p such that a(p) < p.) Cf. A246343 (iterates starting from n=12.) Cf. A246345 (iterates starting from n=16.) Cf. A245448 (this permutation "squared", a(a(n)).) Cf. A253894, A254044, A254045 (binary width, weight and the number of nonleading zeros in base-2 representation of a(n), respectively). Here obviously the variant 2, A151799(n) = A007917(n-1), of the prevprime function is used. Cf. also A003961, A270430, A270431. Cf. also permutations A122111, A156552, A241909, A243071, A243065, A243505, A244153, A245611, A254116. Sequence in context: A250472 A291588 A064620 * A075300 A329821 A259153 Adjacent sequences:  A064213 A064214 A064215 * A064217 A064218 A064219 KEYWORD easy,nonn AUTHOR Howard A. Landman, Sep 21 2001 EXTENSIONS More terms from Reinhard Zumkeller, Sep 26 2001 Additional description added by Antti Karttunen, May 12 2014 STATUS approved

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Last modified October 25 18:25 EDT 2020. Contains 338012 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)