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A061265 Number of squares between n-th prime and (n+1)st prime. 9
0, 1, 0, 1, 0, 1, 0, 0, 1, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,1

COMMENTS

If n-th prime is a member of A053001 then a(n) is at least 1. If not, then a(n) = 0.

Legendre's conjecture (still open) that there is always a prime between n^2 and (n+1)^2 is equivalent to conjecturing that a(n) <= 1 for all n. - Vladeta Jovovic, May 01 2003

a(A038107(n)) = 1 for n > 1; a(A221056(n)) = 0. - Reinhard Zumkeller, Apr 15 2013

LINKS

Harry J. Smith, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..2000

Eric Weisstein's World of Mathematics, Legendre's Conjecture

Wikipedia, Legendre's conjecture

FORMULA

a(n) = floor(sqrt(prime(n+1))) - floor(sqrt(prime(n))). - Vladeta Jovovic, May 01 2003

EXAMPLE

a(3) = 0 as there is no square between 5, the third prime and 7, the fourth prime. a(4) = 1, as there is a square (9) between the 4th prime 7 and the 5th prime 11.

MATHEMATICA

ns[{a_, b_}]:=Count[Range[a+1, b-1], _?(IntegerQ[Sqrt[#]]&)]; ns/@ Partition[ Prime[Range[110]], 2, 1] (* Harvey P. Dale, Mar 14 2015 *)

PROG

(PARI) { n=0; q=2; forprime (p=3, prime(2001), write("b061265.txt", n++, " ", floor(sqrt(p))-floor(sqrt(q))); q=p ) } \\ Harry J. Smith, Jul 20 2009

(Haskell)

a061265 n = a061265_list !! (n-1)

a061265_list = map sum $

   zipWith (\u v -> map a010052 [u..v]) a000040_list $ tail a000040_list

-- Reinhard Zumkeller, Apr 15 2013

CROSSREFS

Cf. A053001.

Cf. A038107.

Cf. A014085.

Sequence in context: A268384 A288524 A112416 * A288466 A285073 A276394

Adjacent sequences:  A061262 A061263 A061264 * A061266 A061267 A061268

KEYWORD

nonn,base

AUTHOR

Amarnath Murthy, Apr 24 2001

EXTENSIONS

Extended by Patrick De Geest, Jun 05 2001

Offset changed from 0 to 1 by Harry J. Smith, Jul 20 2009

STATUS

approved

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Last modified August 20 07:48 EDT 2019. Contains 326143 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)