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A056986 Number of permutations on {1,...,n} containing any given pattern alpha in the symmetric group S_3. 125
0, 0, 1, 10, 78, 588, 4611, 38890, 358018, 3612004, 39858014, 478793588, 6226277900, 87175616760, 1307664673155, 20922754530330, 355687298451210, 6402373228089300, 121645098641568810, 2432902001612519580, 51090942147243172980, 1124000727686125116360 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,4

COMMENTS

This is well-defined because for all patterns alpha in S_3 the number of permutations in S_n avoiding alpha is the same (the Catalan numbers). - Emeric Deutsch, May 05 2008

LINKS

Alois P. Heinz, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..170

FindStat - Combinatorial Statistic Finder, The number of occurrences of the pattern [1,2,3] inside a permutation of length at least 3, The number of occurrences of the pattern [1,3,2] in a permutation, The number of occurrences of the pattern [2,1,3] in a permutation, The number of occurrences of the pattern [2,3,1] in a permutation, The number of occurrences of the pattern [3,1,2] in a permutation

R. Simion and F. W. Schmidt, Restricted permutations, European J. Combin., 6, pp. 383-406, 1985.

Eric Weisstein's World of Mathematics, Permutation Pattern

FORMULA

a(n) = A214152(n,3) = A000142(n)-A000108(n) = A000142(n)-A214015(n,2). - Alois P. Heinz, Jul 05 2012

E.g.f.: 1/(1 - x) - exp(2*x)*(BesselI(0,2*x) - BesselI(1,2*x)). - Ilya Gutkovskiy, Jan 21 2017

EXAMPLE

a(4) = 10 because, taking, for example, the pattern alpha=321, we have 3214, 3241, 1432, 2431, 3421, 4213, 4132, 4231, 4312 and 4321.

MAPLE

a:= n-> n! -binomial(2*n, n)/(n+1):

seq(a(n), n=1..25);  # Alois P. Heinz, Jul 05 2012

MATHEMATICA

n!-Binomial[2n, n]/(n+1)

PROG

(PARI) a(n)=n!-binomial(n+n, n+1)/n \\ Charles R Greathouse IV, Jun 10 2011

CROSSREFS

Cf. A000108, A000142, A138159, A214015, A214152.

Sequence in context: A082136 A153596 A316595 * A243247 A222701 A283658

Adjacent sequences:  A056983 A056984 A056985 * A056987 A056988 A056989

KEYWORD

nonn,easy

AUTHOR

Eric W. Weisstein

STATUS

approved

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Last modified August 24 23:01 EDT 2019. Contains 326314 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)