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A052995 Expansion of 2*x*(1-x)/(1-3*x+x^2). 7
0, 2, 4, 10, 26, 68, 178, 466, 1220, 3194, 8362, 21892, 57314, 150050, 392836, 1028458, 2692538, 7049156, 18454930, 48315634, 126491972, 331160282, 866988874, 2269806340, 5942430146, 15557484098, 40730022148, 106632582346 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,2

COMMENTS

Terms >=4 give solutions x to floor(phi^2*x^2)-floor(phi*x)^2 = 5, where phi=(1+sqrt(5))/2. - Benoit Cloitre, Mar 16 2003

Except for the first term, positive values of x (or y) satisfying x^2 - 18xy + y^2 + 256 = 0. - Colin Barker, Feb 14 2014

REFERENCES

A. T. Benjamin and J. J. Quinn, Proofs that really count: the art of combinatorial proof, M.A.A. 2003, id. 30.

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=0..27.

Guo-Niu Han, Enumeration of Standard Puzzles

Guo-Niu Han, Enumeration of Standard Puzzles [Cached copy]

INRIA Algorithms Project, Encyclopedia of Combinatorial Structures 1072

Index entries for linear recurrences with constant coefficients, signature (3,-1).

FORMULA

G.f.: -2*x*(-1+x)/(1-3*x+x^2).

Recurrence: {a(0)=0, a(2)=4, a(1)=2, a(n)-3*a(n+1)+a(n+2)=0}.

Sum(2/5*(-1+4*_alpha)*_alpha^(-1-n), _alpha=RootOf(_Z^2-3*_Z+1)).

a(n) = 2*Fibonacci(2*n-1) = 2*A001519(n) for n>0. - Vladeta Jovovic, Mar 19 2003

a(n+2) = F(n)^2 + F(n+3)^2 = 2*F(n+1)^2 + 2*F(n+2)^2, where F = A000045.

a(n) = 1/2*(F(2n+8) mod F(2n+2)) for n>2.

a(n) = F(n-3)*F(n-1) + F(n)*F(n+2) for n>0, F(-2)=-1, F(-1)=1. [Bruno Berselli, Nov 03 2015]

MAPLE

spec := [S, {S=Prod(Sequence(Union(Prod(Sequence(Z), Z), Z)), Union(Z, Z))}, unlabeled ]: seq(combstruct[count ](spec, size=n), n=0..20);

CROSSREFS

Equals A069403(n-1)+1.

Bisection of A006355.

First differences of A025169.

Cf. A055819.

Sequence in context: A095337 A162533 * A055819 A113337 A084575 A081881

Adjacent sequences:  A052992 A052993 A052994 * A052996 A052997 A052998

KEYWORD

nonn,easy

AUTHOR

encyclopedia(AT)pommard.inria.fr, Jan 25 2000

EXTENSIONS

More terms from James A. Sellers, Jun 05 2000

STATUS

approved

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Last modified February 11 22:11 EST 2016. Contains 268198 sequences.