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A052515 Number of ordered pairs of complementary subsets of an n-set with both subsets of cardinality at least 2. 7
0, 0, 0, 0, 6, 20, 50, 112, 238, 492, 1002, 2024, 4070, 8164, 16354, 32736, 65502, 131036, 262106, 524248, 1048534, 2097108, 4194258, 8388560, 16777166, 33554380, 67108810, 134217672, 268435398, 536870852, 1073741762 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,5

COMMENTS

a(n) is the number of binary sequences of length n having at least two 0's and at least two 1's. a(4)=6 because there are six binary sequences of length four that have two or more 0's and two or more 1's: 0011, 0101, 0110, 1100, 1010, 1001. - Geoffrey Critzer, Feb 11 2009

For n>3, a(n) is also the sum of those terms from the n-th row of Pascal's triangle which also occur in A006987: 6, 10+10, 15+20+15, 21+35+35+21,...  - Douglas Latimer, Apr 02 2012

From Dennis P. Walsh, Apr 09 2013: (Start)

Column 2 of triangle A200091.

Number of doubly-surjective functions f:[n]->[2].

Number of ways to distribute n different toys to 2 children so that each child gets at least 2 toys. (End)

a(n) is the number of subsets of an n-set of cardinality k with 2 <= k <= n - 2. - Rick L. Shepherd, Dec 05 2014

LINKS

Vincenzo Librandi, Table of n, a(n) for n = 0..1000

INRIA Algorithms Project, Encyclopedia of Combinatorial Structures 81

Dennis Walsh, Notes on doubly-surjective finite functions

Index entries for linear recurrences with constant coefficients, signature (4,-5,2).

FORMULA

E.g.f.: exp(x)^2-2*exp(x)-2*x*exp(x)+1+2*x+x^2

E.g.f.: (exp(x)-x-1)^2. - Joerg Arndt, Apr 10 2013

Recurrence: {a(1)=0, (2*n+2)*a(n)+(-1-3*n)*a(n+1)+a(n+2)*n, a(2)=1/4*_C[0], a(3)=_C[0], a(4)=11/4*_C[0]+6}

For n>2, a(n) = 2^n - 2n - 2 = A005803(n) - 2 = A070313(n) - 1 = A071099(n) - A071099(n+1) + 1 = 2*A000247(n-1). - Ralf Stephan, Jan 11 2004

G.f.: 2*x^4*(3-2*x)/(1-x)^2/(1-2*x). - Colin Barker, Feb 19 2012

MAPLE

Pairs spec := [S, {S=Prod(B, B), B=Set(Z, 2 <= card)}, labeled]: seq(combstruct[count](spec, size=n), n=0..20);

MATHEMATICA

lst={}; s=-1; Do[s+=s+n; AppendTo[lst, s], {n, 0, 5!, 2}]; lst (* Vladimir Joseph Stephan Orlovsky, Oct 18 2008 *)

PROG

(PARI) concat([0, 0, 0, 0], Vec((6-4*x)/(1-x)^2/(1-2*x)+O(x^95))) \\ Charles R Greathouse IV, Apr 03 2012

(PARI) x='x+O('x^66); concat([0, 0, 0, 0], Vec(serlaplace((exp(x)-x-1)^2))) \\ Joerg Arndt, Apr 10 2013

CROSSREFS

Sequence in context: A216175 A161409 A002415 * A067117 A267168 A266760

Adjacent sequences:  A052512 A052513 A052514 * A052516 A052517 A052518

KEYWORD

easy,nonn

AUTHOR

encyclopedia(AT)pommard.inria.fr, Jan 25 2000

EXTENSIONS

More terms from Ralf Stephan, Jan 11 2004

Definition corrected by Rainer Rosenthal, Feb 12 2010

Definition further clarified by Rick L. Shepherd, Dec 05 2014

STATUS

approved

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Last modified September 26 15:27 EDT 2017. Contains 292531 sequences.