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A051523 Generalized Stirling number triangle of first kind. 6
1, -10, 1, 110, -21, 1, -1320, 362, -33, 1, 17160, -6026, 791, -46, 1, -240240, 101524, -17100, 1435, -60, 1, 3603600, -1763100, 358024, -38625, 2335, -75, 1, -57657600, 31813200, -7491484, 976024, -75985, 3535, -91, 1, 980179200, -598482000, 159168428, -24083892, 2267769, -136080, 5082, -108, 1 (list; table; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,2

COMMENTS

a(n,m)= ^10P_n^m in the notation of the given reference with a(0,0) := 1. The monic row polynomials s(n,x) := sum(a(n,m)*x^m,m=0..n) which are s(n,x)= product(x-(10+k),k=0..n-1), n >= 1 and s(0,x)=1 satisfy s(n,x+y) = sum(binomial(n,k)*s(k,x)*S1(n-k,y),k=0..n), with the Stirling1 polynomials S1(n,x)=sum(A008275(n,m)*x^m, m=1..n) and S1(0,x)=1. In the umbral calculus (see the S. Roman reference given in A048854) the s(n,x) polynomials are called Sheffer for (exp(10*t),exp(t)-1).

LINKS

Reinhard Zumkeller, Rows n = 0..125 of triangle, flattened

D. S. Mitrinovic, M. S. Mitrinovic, Tableaux d'une classe de nombres reliés aux nombres de Stirling, Univ. Beograd. Pubi. Elektrotehn. Fak. Ser. Mat. Fiz. 77 (1962).

FORMULA

a(n, m)= a(n-1, m-1) - (n+9)*a(n-1, m), n >= m >= 0; a(n, m) := 0, n<m; a(n, -1) := 0, a(0, 0)=1.

E.g.f. for m-th column of signed triangle: ((log(1+x))^m)/(m!*(1+x)^10).

Triangle (signed) = [ -10, -1, -11, -2, -12, -3, -13, -14, -4, ...] DELTA A000035; triangle (unsigned) = [10, 1, 11, 2, 12, 3, 13, 4, 14, 5, 15, ...] DELTA A000035; where DELTA is Deléham's operator defined in A084938.

If we define f(n,i,a)=sum(binomial(n,k)*stirling1(n-k,i)*product(-a-j,j=0..k-1),k=0..n-i), then T(n,i) = f(n,i,10), for n=1,2,...;i=0...n. - Milan Janjic, Dec 21 2008

EXAMPLE

{1}; {-10,1}; {110,-21,1}; {-1320,362,-331}; ... s(2,x)= 110-21*x+x^2; S1(2,x)= -x+x^2 (Stirling1).

MATHEMATICA

a[n_, m_] := Pochhammer[m + 1, n - m] SeriesCoefficient[Log[1 + x]^m/(1 + x)^10, {x, 0, n}];

Table[a[n, m], {n, 0, 8}, {m, 0, n}] // Flatten (* Jean-François Alcover, Oct 29 2019 *)

PROG

(Haskell)

a051523 n k = a051523_tabl !! n !! k

a051523_row n = a051523_tabl !! n

a051523_tabl = map fst $ iterate (\(row, i) ->

   (zipWith (-) ([0] ++ row) $ map (* i) (row ++ [0]), i + 1)) ([1], 10)

-- Reinhard Zumkeller, Mar 12 2014

CROSSREFS

The first (m=0) unsigned column sequence is A049398. Row sums (signed triangle): A049389(n)*(-1)^n. Row sums (unsigned triangle): A051431(n).

See also A049444 A049458 A049459 A049460 A051338 A051339 A051379 A051380

Cf. A000035 A084938.

Sequence in context: A333685 A288050 A288503 * A181868 A287494 A287753

Adjacent sequences:  A051520 A051521 A051522 * A051524 A051525 A051526

KEYWORD

sign,easy,tabl

AUTHOR

Wolfdieter Lang

STATUS

approved

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Last modified May 26 07:21 EDT 2020. Contains 334620 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)