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A051379 Generalized Stirling number triangle of first kind. 10
1, -8, 1, 72, -17, 1, -720, 242, -27, 1, 7920, -3382, 539, -38, 1, -95040, 48504, -9850, 995, -50, 1, 1235520, -725592, 176554, -22785, 1645, -63, 1, -17297280, 11393808, -3197348, 495544, -45815, 2527, -77, 1, 259459200, -188204400, 59354028, -10630508, 1182769, -83720, 3682, -92, 1 (list; table; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,2

COMMENTS

a(n,m)= ^8P_n^m in the notation of the given reference with a(0,0) := 1. The monic row polynomials s(n,x) := sum(a(n,m)*x^m,m=0..n) which are s(n,x)= product(x-(8+k),k=0..n-1), n >= 1 and s(0,x)=1 satisfy s(n,x+y) = sum(binomial(n,k)*s(k,x)*S1(n-k,y),k=0..n), with the Stirling1 polynomials S1(n,x)=sum(A008275(n,m)*x^m, m=1..n) and S1(0,x)=1. In the umbral calculus (see the S. Roman reference given in A048854) the s(n,x) polynomials are called Sheffer for (exp(8*t),exp(t)-1).

LINKS

Reinhard Zumkeller, Rows n = 0..125 of triangle, flattened

D. S. Mitrinovic, M. S. Mitrinovic, Tableaux d'une classe de nombres reliés aux nombres de Stirling, Univ. Beograd. Pubi. Elektrotehn. Fak. Ser. Mat. Fiz. 77 (1962).

FORMULA

a(n, m)= a(n-1, m-1) - (n+7)*a(n-1, m), n >= m >= 0; a(n, m) := 0, n<m; a(n, -1) := 0, a(0, 0)=1.

E.g.f. for m-th column of signed triangle: ((log(1+x))^m)/(m!*(1+x)^8).

Triangle (signed) = [ -8, -1, -9, -2, -10, -3, -11, -4, -12, ...] DELTA A000035; triangle (unsigned) = [8, 1, 9, 2, 10, 3, 11, 4, 12, 5, ...] DELTA A000035; where DELTA is Deléham's operator defined in A084938.

If we define f(n,i,a)=sum(binomial(n,k)*stirling1(n-k,i)*product(-a-j,j=0..k-1),k=0..n-i), then T(n,i) = f(n,i,8), for n=1,2,...;i=0...n. - Milan Janjic, Dec 21 2008

EXAMPLE

{1}; {-8,1}; {72,-17,1}; {-720,242,-27,1}; ... s(2,x)=72-17*x+x^2; S1(2,x)= -x+x^2 (Stirling1).

MATHEMATICA

a[n_, m_] := Pochhammer[m + 1, n - m] SeriesCoefficient[Log[1 + x]^m/(1 + x)^8, {x, 0, n}];

Table[a[n, m], {n, 0, 8}, {m, 0, n}] // Flatten (* Jean-François Alcover, Oct 29 2019 *)

PROG

(Haskell)

a051379 n k = a051379_tabl !! n !! k

a051379_row n = a051379_tabl !! n

a051379_tabl = map fst $ iterate (\(row, i) ->

   (zipWith (-) ([0] ++ row) $ map (* i) (row ++ [0]), i + 1)) ([1], 8)

-- Reinhard Zumkeller, Mar 12 2014

CROSSREFS

The first (m=0) column sequence is: A049388. Row sums (signed triangle): A001730(n+6)*(-1)^n. Row sums (unsigned triangle): A049389(n).

Cf. A000035 A084938.

Sequence in context: A038279 A075503 A260040 * A143499 A114152 A254933

Adjacent sequences:  A051376 A051377 A051378 * A051380 A051381 A051382

KEYWORD

sign,easy,tabl

AUTHOR

Wolfdieter Lang

EXTENSIONS

Typo fixed in data by Reinhard Zumkeller, Mar 12 2014

STATUS

approved

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Last modified May 26 08:39 EDT 2020. Contains 334620 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)