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A047390 Numbers that are congruent to {0, 3, 5} mod 7. 1

%I

%S 0,3,5,7,10,12,14,17,19,21,24,26,28,31,33,35,38,40,42,45,47,49,52,54,

%T 56,59,61,63,66,68,70,73,75,77,80,82,84,87,89,91,94,96,98,101,103,105,

%U 108,110,112,115,117,119,122,124,126,129,131,133,136,138,140,143

%N Numbers that are congruent to {0, 3, 5} mod 7.

%C Also numbers k such that k*(k+2)*(k+4) is divisible by 7. - _Bruno Berselli_, Dec 28 2017

%H <a href="/index/Rec#order_04">Index entries for linear recurrences with constant coefficients</a>, signature (1,0,1,-1).

%F a(n) = 2*n + floor(n/3) + (n^2 mod 3), with offset 0, a(0)=0. - _Gary Detlefs_, Mar 19 2010

%F From _Bruno Berselli_, Mar 29 2011: (Start)

%F G.f.: x^2*(3 + 2*x + 2*x^2)/((1 - x)^2*(1 + x + x^2)).

%F a(n) = (1/3)*(7*n - 6 - A049347(n-1)) = A047391(n) - A079978(n-1). (End)

%F a(n) = n + ceiling(4*(n-1)/3) - 1. - _Arkadiusz Wesolowski_, Sep 18 2012

%F a(n) = 2*(n-1) + ceiling((n-1)/3). - _Karl V. Keller, Jr._, Nov 01 2014

%F From _Wesley Ivan Hurt_, Jun 10 2016: (Start)

%F a(n) = a(n-1) + a(n-3) - a(n-4) for n>4.

%F a(n) = 7*n/3 - 2 - 2*sin(2*n*Pi/3)/(3*sqrt(3)).

%F a(3*k) = 7*k-2, a(3*k-1) = 7*k-4, a(3*k-2) = 7*k-7. (End)

%p seq(2*n+floor(n/3)+(n^2 mod 3), n=0..52); # _Gary Detlefs_, Mar 19 2010

%t Select[Range[0,150], MemberQ[{0,3,5}, Mod[#,7]]&] (* _Harvey P. Dale_, Dec 07 2011 *)

%t CoefficientList[Series[x (3 + 2 x + 2 x^2)/((1 - x)^2 (1 + x + x^2)), {x, 0, 70}], x] (* _Vincenzo Librandi_, Nov 02 2014 *)

%o (MAGMA) [n: n in [0..122] | n mod 7 in [0, 3, 5]]; // _Bruno Berselli_, Mar 29 2011

%o (Python)

%o import math

%o a = lambda n: 2*(n-1)+math.ceil((n-1)/3.0)

%o for n in range(1,101): print(a(n), end = ", ") # _Karl V. Keller, Jr._, Nov 01 2014

%o (PARI) is(n)=!!setsearch([0,3,5],n%7) \\ _Charles R Greathouse IV_, Nov 09 2014

%o (PARI) a(n)=(7*n-5)\3 \\ _Charles R Greathouse IV_, Nov 09 2014

%Y Cf. A011655, A047391, A049347, A079978.

%K nonn,easy

%O 1,2

%A _N. J. A. Sloane_

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Last modified October 17 11:26 EDT 2019. Contains 328108 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)