

A039745


Diameter of symmetric group S_n when generated by (1,2) and (1,2,3,...,n).


3



0, 1, 2, 6, 11, 18, 25, 35, 45, 58, 71, 87, 103
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OFFSET

1,3


COMMENTS

a(n) is smallest number such that every element of S_n can be written as a product of at most a(n) terms each of which is the transposition (1,2) or the ncycle (1,2,3,...,n).
The distinction between A039745 (this sequence) and A186783 comes from whether we treat the Cayley graph of the generating set as directed or undirected (alternatively, whether we allow multiplication by inverses of generators when constructing elements). A039745 deals with the directed Cayley graph, while A186783 deals with the undirected one.  Max Alekseyev, Sep 09 2011


LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=1..13.


EXAMPLE

a(3)=2 because (1,3,2) = (1,2,3)(1,2).


MATHEMATICA

a[n_] := GraphDiameter[CayleyGraph[SymmetricGroup[n]]] (* Ben Whitmore, Nov 13 2020 *)


PROG

(Sage) def a(n): return PermutationGroup([[(1, 2)], [tuple(1..n)]]).cayley_graph().diameter() # Max Alekseyev, Mar 02 2010


CROSSREFS

See A186783 for another version.
Cf. A186144
Sequence in context: A231559 A104813 A239698 * A298872 A298875 A329598
Adjacent sequences: A039742 A039743 A039744 * A039746 A039747 A039748


KEYWORD

hard,nonn,nice,more


AUTHOR

David desJardins (desj(AT)idaccr.org)


EXTENSIONS

a(12)a(13) by Ben Whitmore, Nov 12 2020


STATUS

approved



