

A038872


Primes congruent to {0, 1, 4} mod 5.


75



5, 11, 19, 29, 31, 41, 59, 61, 71, 79, 89, 101, 109, 131, 139, 149, 151, 179, 181, 191, 199, 211, 229, 239, 241, 251, 269, 271, 281, 311, 331, 349, 359, 379, 389, 401, 409, 419, 421, 431, 439, 449, 461, 479, 491, 499, 509, 521, 541, 569, 571, 599, 601, 619
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OFFSET

1,1


COMMENTS

Also odd primes p such that 5 is a square mod p: (5/p) = +1 for p > 5.
Primes of the form x^2 + x*y  y^2 (as well as of the form x^2 + 3*x*y + y^2), both with discriminant = 5 and class number = 1. Binary quadratic forms a*x^2 + b*x*y + c*y^2 have discriminant d = b^2  4ac and gcd(a, b, c) = 1. [This was originally a separate entry, submitted by Laura Caballero Fernandez, Lourdes Calvo Moguer, Maria Josefa Cano Marquez, Oscar Jesus Falcon Ganfornina and Sergio Garrido Morales, Jun 06 2008. R. J. Mathar proved on Jul 22 2008 that this coincides with the present sequence.]
Also primes of the form 5x^2  y^2 (cf. A031363).  N. J. A. Sloane, May 30 2014
Also primes of the form x^2 + 4*x*y  y^2. Every binary quadratic primitive form of discriminant 20 or 5 has proper solutions for positive integers N given in A089270, including the present primes. Proof from computing the corresponding representative parallel primitive forms, which leads to x^2  5 == 0 (mod N) or x^2 + x  1 == 0 (mod N) which have solutions precisely for these positive N values, including these primes.  Wolfdieter Lang, Jun 19 2019
For a Pythagorean triple a, b, c, these primes (and 2) are the possible prime factors of 2a + b, 2a  b, 2b + a, and 2b  a.  J. Lowell, Nov 05 2011
The prime factors of A028387(n^2+3n+1).  Richard R. Forberg, Dec 12 2014
a(n) = A045468(n1) for n > 1.  Robert Israel, Dec 22 2014
Except for p = 5, these are primes p that divide Fibonacci(p1).  Dmitry Kamenetsky, Jul 27 2015
Apart from the first term, these are rational primes that decompose in the field Q[sqrt(5)]. For example, 11 = ((7 + sqrt(5))/2)*((7  sqrt(5))/2), 19 = ((9 + sqrt(5))/2)*((9  sqrt(5))/2).  Jianing Song, Nov 23 2018
The possible prime factors of x^2  x  1.  Charles R Greathouse IV, Mar 18 2022


REFERENCES

Z. I. Borevich and I. R. Shafarevich, Number Theory.


LINKS

T. D. Noe, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..1000
C. Banderier, Calcul de (5/p)
Henri Darmon, Andrew Wiles’s Marvelous Proof, Notices of the AMS (2017), Volume 64, Number 3 pp. 209216. See p. 211.
Tamara M. Lavshuk, Regular polygons and polyhedra over finite field, Mathematical Notes of NEFU, Vol 22 No 4 (2015). Mentions this sequence.
N. J. A. Sloane et al., Binary Quadratic Forms and OEIS (Index to related sequences, programs, references)
D. B. Zagier, Zetafunktionen und quadratische Körper, Springer, 1981.


FORMULA

a(n) ~ 2n*log(n).  Charles R Greathouse IV, Nov 29 2016


MAPLE

select(isprime, [5, seq(op([5*k1, 5*k+1]), k=1..1000)]); # Robert Israel, Dec 22 2014


MATHEMATICA

Join[{5}, Select[Prime[Range[4, 100]], Mod[#, 5] == 1  Mod[#, 5] == 4 &]] (* Alonso del Arte, Nov 27 2011 *)


PROG

(PARI) forprime(p=2, 1e3, if(kronecker(5, p)>=0, print1(p", "))) \\ Charles R Greathouse IV, Jun 16 2011
(Magma) [ p: p in PrimesUpTo(700)  p mod 5 in {0, 1, 4}]; // Vincenzo Librandi, Aug 21 2012
(GAP) Filtered(Concatenation([5], Flat(List([1..140], k>[5*k1, 5*k+1]))), IsPrime); # Muniru A Asiru, Nov 24 2018


CROSSREFS

Cf. A045468, A089270.
Cf. A038872 (d=5); A038873 (d=8); A068228, A141123 (d=12); A038883 (d=13). A038889 (d=17); A141111, A141112 (d=65).
Cf. A003631 (complement with respect to A000040).
Sequence in context: A132087 A089270 A275068 * A141158 A239732 A130828
Adjacent sequences: A038869 A038870 A038871 * A038873 A038874 A038875


KEYWORD

nonn,easy


AUTHOR

N. J. A. Sloane


EXTENSIONS

Corrected and extended by Peter K. Pearson, May 29 2005
Edited by N. J. A. Sloane, Jul 28 2008 at the suggestion of R. J. Mathar


STATUS

approved



