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A035608 Expansion of x*(1 + 3*x)/((1 + x)*(1 - x)^3). 46

%I

%S 0,1,5,10,18,27,39,52,68,85,105,126,150,175,203,232,264,297,333,370,

%T 410,451,495,540,588,637,689,742,798,855,915,976,1040,1105,1173,1242,

%U 1314,1387,1463,1540,1620,1701,1785,1870,1958,2047,2139,2232,2328,2425

%N Expansion of x*(1 + 3*x)/((1 + x)*(1 - x)^3).

%C Maximum value of Voronoi's principal quadratic form of the first type when variables restricted to {-1,0,1}. - _Michael Somos_, Mar 10 2004

%C Row sums of triangle A133983. - _Gary W. Adamson_, Sep 30 2007

%C This is the main row of a version of the "square spiral" when read alternatively from left to right (see link). See also A001107, A007742, A033954, A033991. It is easy to see that the only prime in the sequence is 5. - Emilio Apricena (emilioapricena(AT)yahoo.it), Feb 08 2009

%C From Mitch Phillipson, _Manda Riehl_, Tristan Williams, Mar 06 2009: (Start)

%C a(n) gives the number of elements of S_2 \wr C_k that avoid the pattern 12, using the following ordering:

%C In S_j, a permutation p avoids a pattern q if it has no subsequence that is order-isomorphic to q. For example, p avoids the pattern 132 if it has no subsequence abc with a<c<b. We extend this notion to S_j \wr C_n as follows. Element \psi =[ \alpha_1^\beta_1, \dots , \alpha_j^\beta_j ] avoids \tau = [ a_1 , \dots , a_m ] (\tau \in S_m) if \psi' = [ \alpha_1*\beta_1, \dots , \alpha_j*\beta_j ] avoids \tau in the usual sense. For n=2, there are 5 elements of S_2 \wr C_2 that avoid the pattern 12. They are: [ 2^1,1^1 ], [ 2^2,1^1 ], [ 2^2,1^2 ], [ 2^1,1^2 ], [ 1^2,2^1 ].

%C For example, if \psi = [2^1,1^2], then \psi'=[2,2] which avoids tau=[1,2] because no subsequence ab of \psi' has a<b. (End)

%D J. H. Conway and N. J. A. Sloane, "Sphere Packings, Lattices and Groups", Springer-Verlag, p. 115.

%H William A. Tedeschi, <a href="/A035608/b035608.txt">Table of n, a(n) for n = 0..10000</a>

%H Emilio Apricena, <a href="/A035608/a035608.png">A version of the Ulam spiral</a> (This is called the square spiral. - _N. J. A. Sloane_, Jul 27 2018)

%H <a href="/index/Rec#order_04">Index entries for linear recurrences with constant coefficients</a>, signature (2,0,-2,1).

%F G.f.: x*(1+3*x)/((1+x)*(1-x)^3).

%F a(n) = n^2 + n - 1 - floor((n-1)/2).

%F a(n) = A011848(2*n+1).

%F a(n) = A002378(n) - A004526(n+1). - _Reinhard Zumkeller_, Jan 27 2010

%F a(n) = 2*A006578(n) - A002378(n)/2 = A139592(n)/2. - _Reinhard Zumkeller_, Feb 07 2010

%F a(n) = A002265(n+2) + A173562(n). - _Reinhard Zumkeller_, Feb 21 2010

%F a(n) = floor((n + 1/4)^2). - _Reinhard Zumkeller_, Jan 27 2010

%F a(n) = (-1)^n*Sum_{i=0..n} (-1)^i*(2*i^2 + 3*i + 1). Omits the leading 0. - _William A. Tedeschi_, Aug 25 2010

%F a(n) = n^2 + floor(n/2), from Mathematica section. - _Vladimir Joseph Stephan Orlovsky_, Apr 12 2011

%F a(0)=0, a(1)=1, a(2)=5, a(3)=10; for n>3, a(n) = 2*a(n-1) - 2*a(n-3) + a(n-4). - _Harvey P. Dale_, Feb 21 2013

%F For n>1: a(n) = a(n-2) + 4*n - 3; see also row sums of triangle A253146. - _Reinhard Zumkeller_, Dec 27 2014

%F a(n) = 3*A002620(n) + A002620(n+1). - _R. J. Mathar_, Jul 18 2015

%p A035608:=n->floor((n + 1/4)^2): seq(A035608(n), n=0..100); # _Wesley Ivan Hurt_, Oct 29 2017

%t Table[n^2 + Floor[n/2], {n, 0, 100}] (* _Vladimir Joseph Stephan Orlovsky_, Apr 12 2011 *)

%t CoefficientList[Series[x (1 + 3 x)/((1 + x) (1 - x)^3), {x, 0, 60}], x] (* or *) LinearRecurrence[{2, 0, -2, 1}, {0, 1, 5, 10}, 60] (* _Harvey P. Dale_, Feb 21 2013 *)

%o (PARI) a(n)=n^2+n-1-(n-1)\2

%o (MAGMA) [n^2 + n - 1 - Floor((n-1)/2): n in [0..25]]; // _G. C. Greubel_, Oct 29 2017

%Y Partial sums of A042948.

%Y Cf. A133983.

%Y Cf. A253146.

%Y Sequences on the four axes of the square spiral: Starting at 0: A001107, A033991, A007742, A033954; starting at 1: A054552, A054556, A054567, A033951.

%Y Sequences on the four diagonals of the square spiral: Starting at 0: A002939 = 2*A000384, A016742 = 4*A000290, A002943 = 2*A014105, A033996 = 8*A000217; starting at 1: A054554, A053755, A054569, A016754.

%Y Sequences obtained by reading alternate terms on the X and Y axes and the two main diagonals of the square spiral: Starting at 0: A035608, A156859, A002378 = 2*A000217, A137932 = 4*A002620; starting at 1: A317186, A267682, A002061, A080335.

%K nonn,easy

%O 0,3

%A _N. J. A. Sloane_

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Last modified December 6 06:34 EST 2019. Contains 329784 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)