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A033212 Primes congruent to 1 or 19 (mod 30). 39
19, 31, 61, 79, 109, 139, 151, 181, 199, 211, 229, 241, 271, 331, 349, 379, 409, 421, 439, 499, 541, 571, 601, 619, 631, 661, 691, 709, 739, 751, 769, 811, 829, 859, 919, 991, 1009, 1021, 1039, 1051, 1069, 1129, 1171, 1201, 1231, 1249, 1279, 1291, 1321, 1381 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,1

COMMENTS

Theorem: Same as primes of the form x^2+15*y^2 (discriminant -60). Proof: Cox, Cor. 2.27, p. 36.

Equivalently, primes congruent to 1 or 4 (mod 15). Also x^2+xy+4y^2 is the principal form of (fundamental) discriminant -15. The only other class for -15 contains the form 2x^2+xy+2y^2 (A106859), in the other genus. - Rick L. Shepherd, Jul 25 2014

Three further theorems (these were originally stated as conjectures, but are now known to be theorems, thanks to the work of J. B. Tunnell - see link):

1. The same as primes of the form x^2-xy+4y^2 (discriminant -15) and x^2-xy+19y^2 (discriminant -75), both with x and y nonnegative. - T. D. Noe, Apr 29 2008

2. The same as primes of the form x^2+xy+19y^2 (discriminant -75), with x and y nonnegative. - T. D. Noe, Apr 29 2008

3. The same as primes of the form x^2+5xy-5y^2 (discriminant 45). - N. J. A. Sloane, Jun 01 2014

Also primes of the form x^2+7*x*y+y^2 (discriminant 45).

Lemma (Will Jagy, Jun 12 2014): If c is any (positive or negative) even number, then x^2 + x y + c y^2 and x^2 + (4 c - 1) y^2 represent the same odd numbers.

Proof: x (x + y) + c y^2 = odd, therefore x is odd,  x + y odd, so y is even. Let y = 2 t. Then x( x + 2 t) + 4 c t^2 = x^2 + 2 x t  + 4 c t^2 = (x+t)^2 + (4c-1) t^2 = odd. QED With c = 4, neither one represents 2, so x^2+15y^2 and x^2+xy+4y^2 represent the same primes.

Also, primes which are squares (mod 3*5). Subsequence of A191018. - David Broadhurst and M. F. Hasler, Jan 15 2016

REFERENCES

Z. I. Borevich and I. R. Shafarevich, Number Theory. Academic Press, NY, 1966.

David A. Cox, Primes of the Form x^2 + n y^2, Wiley, 1989.

D. B. Zagier, Zetafunktionen und quadratische Koerper, Springer, 1981.

LINKS

Juan Arias-de-Reyna, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..10000

N. J. A. Sloane et al., Binary Quadratic Forms and OEIS (Index to related sequences, programs, references)

J. B. Tunnell, Proofs of Conjectures Concerning Entry A033212, the Sequence of Primes Congruent to 1 or 19 (mod 30)

FORMULA

a(n) ~ 4n log n. - Charles R Greathouse IV, Nov 09 2012

MATHEMATICA

QuadPrimes2[1, 0, 15, 10000] (* see A106856 *)

Select[Prime@Range[250], MemberQ[{1, 19}, Mod[#, 30]] &] (* Vincenzo Librandi, Apr 05 2015 *)

PROG

(PARI) select(n->n%30==1||n%30==19, primes(100)) \\ Charles R Greathouse IV, Nov 09 2012

(PARI) is(p)=issquare(Mod(p, 15))&&isprime(p) \\ M. F. Hasler, Jan 15 2016

CROSSREFS

Cf. A106856, A139643, A106859.

Primes in A243173 and in A243174.

Cf. A141785 (d=45), A033212 (Primes of form x^2+15*y^2), A038872(d=5), A038873 (d=8), A068228, A141123 (d=12), A038883 (d=13), A038889 (d=17), A141111, A141112 (d=65).

For a list of sequences giving numbers and/or primes represented by binary quadratic forms, see the "Binary Quadratic Forms and OEIS" link.

Sequence in context: A214796 A192505 A141184 * A104227 A274507 A032743

Adjacent sequences:  A033209 A033210 A033211 * A033213 A033214 A033215

KEYWORD

nonn,easy

AUTHOR

N. J. A. Sloane

EXTENSIONS

Edited by N. J. A. Sloane, Jun 01 2014 and Oct 18 2014: added Tunnell document, revised entry, merged with A141184. The latter entry was submitted by Laura Caballero Fernandez, Lourdes Calvo Moguer, Maria Josefa Cano Marquez, Oscar Jesus Falcon Ganfornina and Sergio Garrido Morales (oscfalgan(AT)yahoo.es), Jun 12 2008.

Typo in crossrefs fixed by Colin Barker, Apr 05 2015

STATUS

approved

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Last modified June 24 15:07 EDT 2017. Contains 288697 sequences.