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A029839 McKay-Thompson series of class 16B for the Monster group. 21
1, 2, -1, -2, 3, 2, -4, -4, 5, 8, -8, -10, 11, 12, -15, -18, 22, 26, -29, -34, 38, 42, -51, -56, 66, 78, -85, -98, 109, 120, -139, -156, 176, 202, -222, -250, 279, 306, -346, -384, 429, 482, -530, -590, 650, 714, -797, -876, 972, 1080, -1180, -1304, 1431, 1562, -1728, -1892, 2078, 2290, -2496 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,2

COMMENTS

Ramanujan theta functions: f(q) (see A121373), phi(q) (A000122), psi(q) (A010054), chi(q) (A000700).

In [Klein and Fricke 1890], the g.f. A(q)/2 is denoted by mu. On page 613 special values given are mu(i infinity) = infinity, mu(0) = 1, mu(2) = -1 and on page 615 properties given are mu(omega+1) = -i mu(omega), mu(-1/omega) = (mu(omega)+1)/(mu(omega)-1). - Michael Somos, Nov 09 2014

LINKS

Seiichi Manyama, Table of n, a(n) for n = 0..10000

D. Ford, J. McKay and S. P. Norton, More on replicable functions, Commun. Algebra 22, No. 13, 5175-5193 (1994).

F. Klein and R. Fricke, Vorlesungen über die theorie der elliptischen modulfunctionen, Teubner, Leipzig, 1890, Vol. 1, see pp. 613, 615, 675.

J. McKay and A. Sebbar, Fuchsian groups, automorphic functions and Schwarzians, Math. Ann., 318 (2000), 255-275.

Michael Somos, Introduction to Ramanujan theta functions

Eric Weisstein's World of Mathematics, Ramanujan Theta Functions

Index entries for sequences related to groups

Index entries for McKay-Thompson series for Monster simple group

FORMULA

Expansion of q times normalized Hauptmodul for Gamma(4) in powers of q^4.

Expansion of q^(1/4) * eta(q^2)^6 / (eta(q)^2 * eta(q^4)^4) in powers of q.

Euler transform of period 4 sequence [2, -4, 2, 0, ...].

G.f. A(x) satisfies: A(x)^2 = A(x^2) + 4*x / A(x^2). - Michael Somos, Mar 08 2004

G.f.: Product_{k>0} ((1 + x^(2*k-1)) / (1 + x^(2*k)))^2.

Given g.f. A(x), then B(q) = A(q^4) / q satisfies 0 = f(B(q), B(q^2)) where f(u, v) = 4 + v^2 - u^2*v. - Michael Somos, May 14 2004

Given g.f. A(x), then B(q) = A(q^4) / (2*q) satisfies 0 = f(B(q), B(q^3)) where f(u, v) = (1 - u^4) * (1 - v^4) - (1 - u*v)^4. - Michael Somos, Oct 04 2006

Given g.f. A(x), then B(q) = A(q^4) / q satisfies 0 = f(B(q), B(q^2), B(q^3), B(q^6)) where f(u1, u2, u3, u6) = (u6 + u2)^2 - u1*u2*u3*u6. - Michael Somos, Oct 04 2006

Convolution inverse of A079006.

Expansion of q^(1/4) * 2 / k(q)^(1/2) in powers of Jacobi nome q where k() is the elliptic modulus.

Expansion of q^(1/2) * 2 * (1 + k'(q)) / k(q) in powers of q^2. - Michael Somos, Nov 09 2014

Expansion of phi(x) / psi(x^2) = phi(x)^2 / psi(x)^2 = psi(x)^2 / psi(x^2)^2 = phi(-x^2)^2 / psi(-x)^2 = chi(-x^2)^4 / chi(-x)^2 = chi(x)^2 * chi(-x^2)^2 = chi(x)^4 * chi(-x)^2 = f(x)^2 / f(-x^4)^2 in powers of x where phi(), psi(), chi(), f() are Ramanujan theta functions.

Expansion of continued fraction 1 - x^2 + (x^1 + x^3)^2 / (1 - x^6 + (x^2 + x^6)^2 / (1 - x^10 + (x^3 + x^9)^2 / ...)) in powers of x^4. - Michael Somos, Apr 27 2008

G.f. is a period 1 Fourier series which satisfies f(-1 / (16 t)) = 2 g(t) where q = exp(2 Pi i t) and g() is the g.f. for A007096.

a(n) = (-1)^n * A082304(n). Convolution square is A029841. - Michael Somos, Jul 05 2014

EXAMPLE

G.f. = 1 + 2*x - x^2 - 2*x^3 + 3*x^4 + 2*x^5 - 4*x^6 - 4*x^7 + 5*x^8 + 8*x^9 + ...

T16B = 1/q + 2*q^3 - q^7 - 2*q^11 + 3*q^15 + 2*q^19 - 4*q^23 - 4*q^27 + ...

MATHEMATICA

a[0] = 1; a[n_] := Module[{A, m}, If[n < 0, 0, A = 1; m = 1; While[m <= n, m *= 2; A = A /. x -> x^2; A = Sqrt[A + 4*x/A]]; SeriesCoefficient[A, {x, 0, n}]]]; Table[a[n], {n, 0, 58}] (* Jean-François Alcover, Mar 12 2014, after PARI *)

a[ n_] := SeriesCoefficient[ 2 q^(1/4) EllipticTheta[ 3, 0, q] / EllipticTheta[ 2, 0, q], {q, 0, n}]; (* Michael Somos, Jul 05 2014 *)

QP = QPochhammer; s = QP[q^2]^6/(QP[q]^2*QP[q^4]^4) + O[q]^60; CoefficientList[s, q] (* Jean-François Alcover, Nov 16 2015, adapted from PARI *)

PROG

(PARI) {a(n) = my(A); if( n<0, 0, A = x * O(x^n); polcoeff( (eta(x^2 + A)^3 / (eta(x + A) * eta(x^4 + A)^2))^2, n))};

(PARI) {a(n) = my(A, m); if( n<0, 0, A = 1 + O(x); m=1; while( m<=n, m*=2; A = subst(A, x, x^2); A = sqrt(A + 4*x/A)); polcoeff(A, n))};

CROSSREFS

Cf. A079006, A082304.

Product_{m>=1} ((1+q^(2*m-1))/(1+q^(2*m)))^b: this sequence (b=1), A029839 (b=2), A029840 (b=3), A029841 (b=4), A029842 (b=5), A029843 (b=6), A029844 (b=7).

Sequence in context: A029166 A096920 A087154 * A082304 A321664 A250099

Adjacent sequences:  A029836 A029837 A029838 * A029840 A029841 A029842

KEYWORD

sign

AUTHOR

N. J. A. Sloane

EXTENSIONS

Additional comments from Michael Somos, Jul 11 2002

STATUS

approved

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Last modified January 16 15:31 EST 2019. Contains 319195 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)