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A026945 A bisection of the Motzkin numbers A001006. 7
1, 2, 9, 51, 323, 2188, 15511, 113634, 853467, 6536382, 50852019, 400763223, 3192727797, 25669818476, 208023278209, 1697385471211, 13933569346707, 114988706524270, 953467954114363, 7939655757745265, 66368199913921497 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,2

COMMENTS

a(n) = sum of the squares of numbers in row n of array T given by A026300.

Number of closed walks of length 2n on the one-way infinite ladder graph starting from (and ending at) a node of degree 2. - Mitch Harris, Mar 06 2004

a(n) = number of ways to connect 2n points labeled 1,2,...,2n in a line with 0 or more noncrossing arcs. For example, with arcs separated by dashes, a(2)=9 counts {} (no arcs), 12, 13, 14, 23, 24, 34, 12-34, 14-23. - David Callan, Sep 18 2007

REFERENCES

Veronika Irvine, Lace Tessellations: A mathematical model for bobbin lace and an exhaustive combinatorial search for patterns, PhD Dissertation, University of Victoria, 2016.

LINKS

Vincenzo Librandi, Table of n, a(n) for n = 0..200

I. Dolinka, J. East, A. Evangelou, D. FitzGerald, N. Ham, Idempotent Statistics of the Motzkin and Jones Monoids, arXiv preprint arXiv:1507.04838, 2015

FORMULA

a(n) = A005043(2n) + A005043(2n+1). - Ralf Stephan, Feb 06 2004

a(n) = sum{k=0..n, binomial(2n,2k)*C(k)}, C(n)=A000108(n); - Paul Barry, Jul 11 2008

a(n) = (2/Pi)*integral(x=-1..1, (1+2*x)^(2*n)*sqrt(1-x^2)). - Peter Luschny, Sep 11 2011

Recurrence: (n+1)*(2*n+1)*a(n) = (14*n^2+9*n-2)*a(n-1) + 3*(14*n^2-51*n+43)*a(n-2) - 27*(n-2)*(2*n-5)*a(n-3). - Vaclav Kotesovec, Oct 08 2012

a(n) ~ 3^(2*n+3/2)/(2^(5/2)*sqrt(Pi)*n^(3/2)). - Vaclav Kotesovec, Oct 08 2012

G.f.: (1/x) * Series_Reversion( x * (1-x) * (1-2*x)^2 / (1 - 3*x + 3*x^2) ). - Paul D. Hanna, Oct 03 2014

From Peter Luschny, May 15 2016: (Start)

a(n) = ((9-9*n)*(2*n-3)*(4*n+1)*a(n-2)+((8*n-2))*(10*n^2-5*n-3)*a(n-1))/((1+2*n)*(4*n-3)*(n+1)) for n>=2.

a(n) =  hypergeom([1/2-n, -n], [2], 4). (End)

MAPLE

G:=(1-x-(1-2*x-3*x^2)^(1/2))/(2*x^2): GG:=series(G, x=0, 60): 1, seq(coeff(GG, x^(2*n)), n=1..23);

a := n -> hypergeom([1/2-n, -n], [2], 4);

seq(simplify(a(n)), n=0..29); # Peter Luschny, May 15 2016

MATHEMATICA

Table[SeriesCoefficient[(1-x-Sqrt[1-2*x-3*x^2])/(2*x^2), {x, 0, 2*n}], {n, 0, 20}] (* Vaclav Kotesovec, Oct 08 2012 *)

PROG

(PARI)

C(n)=binomial(2*n, n)/(n+1);

a(n)=sum(k=0, n, binomial(2*n, 2*k)*C(k));

\\ Joerg Arndt, May 04 2013

(PARI) {a(n)=polcoeff(1/x*serreverse( x * (1-x) * (1-2*x)^2 /(1 - 3*x + 3*x^2 +x^2*O(x^n)) ), n)}

for(n=0, 30, print1(a(n), ", ")) \\ Paul D. Hanna, Oct 03 2014

CROSSREFS

Cf. A001006, A099250.

Sequence in context: A020087 A277378 A079836 * A246464 A009310 A091319

Adjacent sequences:  A026942 A026943 A026944 * A026946 A026947 A026948

KEYWORD

nonn,easy

AUTHOR

Clark Kimberling

EXTENSIONS

Entry revised by N. J. A. Sloane, Nov 16 2004

STATUS

approved

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Last modified January 19 21:35 EST 2018. Contains 297938 sequences.